Class Notes (836,147)
Canada (509,656)
POL101Y1 (1,148)
Lecture 5

Lecture 5 10-15-12.pdf

5 Pages
60 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Political Science
Course
POL101Y1
Professor
Jeffrey Kopstein
Semester
Fall

Description
Communism and Fascism 2012-10-15 2:20 PM Intro - Institutional Standardizations in Communist countries - Fascism and Communism were ideologies of salvation - They wanted to perfect the human condition - We live in an incremental society - The human toll these ideologies exacted instituted the basis on the human rights now Liberalism and its Crisis th - Long 19 century is peak of Liberalism’s appeal - Liberal institutions develop even where basis is not obviously present - Parliaments in non-democratic countries are faked - They go through the motions of liberal democracy but it actually does not happen Liberalism and the Working Class - Extension of the franchise - Rise of Social Democracy in Western Europe. Evolutionary socialism and reconciliation with liberal democracy: electoral system - Socialism turns from being a revolutionary to an evolutionary idea What about the revolution? - Lenin: revolutionary movement under conditions of authoritarianism – Russia - It was a fulltime revolutionary activity - You did not occupy a role, you became a status - The only way of revolutionizing was along conspiratorial professional lines - Workers only capable of “trade union consciousness” - If there is to be a revolution, it must come from outside of the working class - Need a “party” to bring them the truth: what this means for Marxism - If there was a seizure of power by a minority in the name of the majority Marxism and Economic Backwardness - Russia – one of the most backward countries in Europe - Working class revolution, with small working class - 1917: World War and Revolution - Marx was exiled but he did not give up on revolution - He had a small revolutionary party called the Bolsheviks - Germany helped Lenin to get back to Russia because he said it would end the war - He returns to Russia while it is in complete chaos, czar stepping down, many parties - October 1917, Lenin and the Bolsheviks size power in the October revolution World Revolution or World Power - Lenin believed he could cause a revolution in Germany too - The military wipes out the Bolshevik parties in Germany - Huge civil war in Russia - World revolution fails to materialize - From insurrectionism to Stalinism – supporting communism meant supporting the Soviet Union - Transforms from a revolution of ideology to revolution of state interest - But what is communism or socialism? What will this kind of economy look like: - Lenin: “Communism = Soviet power + electrification” which is everything modern - But this does not solve the problem Stalinism: terror and progress - Industrialization - Collectivization - Terror and Street police - Purges and Famine - If Russia was to make it, they had to industrialize as rapidly as possible to make a military - People’s Commissariat for People’s Affairs – Secret Police - He understands people might oppose him so he arrests the entire old guard - Huge amounts of force are used within the society - Sta
More Less

Related notes for POL101Y1

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit