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Political Science
Jeffrey Kopstein

GLOBAL GOVERNANCE Promise and Challenges Global governance and the international system  Anarchic international system—Realism o States are prone to conflict and corruption  League of Nations and collective security (Winston Churchill) o We live in a world without world government o Can still institute a world agreement on how nations should proceed with one another o The threat of punishment would be a deterrent of war o Ultimately failed—rest of the world did not ban together to stop these countries that did not obey  Neoliberal institutionalism o Interdependence (economic) o Countries trade with each other increasingly and depend on one another o Security, climate change, health/health pathology o Positive sum—if states were to cooperate then they would all benefit, would enjoy a net gain o Functionalism—specific, we could as countries of state cooperate around functionally specific areas (problem solve together—climate change, epidemics etc.) o Rules and norms  International organizations and regimes o Specific rules you had to follow UN System of States  To maintain international peace and security, and to that end: to take effective and collective measures for the prevention and removal of threats to the peace…  To develop friendly relations among nations based on respect for the principle of equal rights and self-determination of peoples…  To achieve international co-operation in solving international problems of an economic, social, cultural, or humanitarian character… and  To be a center of harmonizing the actions of nations in the attainment of these common ends Global Risks  Collective/commons (climate change)  Borderless world (global health)  Uncertainty (technology)  Human security (genocide)  New global risks and global governance Transnational governance  Transnational  Rules of the game—WTO (world trade organization) o Lays on specifically how countries can and cannot use tariffs o Conditions are governed by specific rules  Goals and targets—Kyoto Accord  Deliberative forums—G8 and G20 o Governance is not simply imposing rules o Rather it is to encourage deliberation (global dialogue) o Expanding deliberative forums Features of Global Governance 1. Absence of global GOVERNMENT 2. Collective fate and commons (financial crises) o Set up regulatory rules 3. Functional specialization (WHO) o Brings together experts from around the world to work together and solve a particular problem 4. Participatory (UN General Assembly) o Only works if everyone is willing to work together (stake holders) 5. Enlightened Sovereignty o ―We must come together in a spirit less about narrow self-interest in sovereignty’s name, than an expanded view of mutual interest in which there is room for all to grow and prosper. Enlightened sovereignty, then, is the natural extension of enlightened self-interest.‖ PM Stephen Harper 6. Coordination 7. International compromise o Prato optimal—best for the collective  BUT challenges to global governance in practice Challenge 1 Collective Action Problem  Global climate change o ―The climate is nearing tipping points. If we do not change course, we’ll hand our children a situation that is out of their control.‖ James Hansen, NASA  If we don’t do something now, we’re all screwed in the future o ―The climate studies people who work with models always tend to overestimate their models
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