BEYOND NATIONALISM: THE THEORY
Nationalism is a product of industrial society: recap
Does therefore, the passing of industrial society into post-industrial society mean that we are
moving to a post-national era?
What would that mean?
Primary allegiances shift from nation-state to something about that
How would that actually transpire?
Case Study: European Union
Historical circumstances: run up to war and World War II
How to ensure that Germany and France never fight again?
Notions of European Federalism
European coal and steel community: 1951 (France, Germany, Italy, Belgium, Netherlands,
State interests: German economic power and French political influence
Idea: unite the economies and then you unite state interests.
From Coal and Steel to EU
Contradictions of only coal and steel
o Have to co-ordinate everything else
Treaties of Rome: 1957 (EEC and Euratom)
Today called European Union: from six to 27 countries
Institutions a) European commission
o Bureaucracy of the EU—supposed to enforce all the little agreements that are made
along the way
o Anyone who has a citizenship in one of the countries can apply for the job
o They are supposed to be loyal to the EU, not to their native country
o Made up of representatives from the national state—appointed
o Everything is regulated with rules—made by national representatives, delegated by
their home gover