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Political Science
Ryan Balot

POL200Y1Y L5101 1 R. Balot L6: Republic IV & V May 28, 2009 5:52 PM Todays Lecture Censorship (etc.) Happiness of Individuals Virtues of the City + of the Soul Justice as a Virtue Knowledge + Opinion Political Institutions Censorship (etc.) Plato lacked a conception of respect for individual autonomy and freedom. The right to live as one likes did not cross his mind and this is a criticism of his against democracy. He sought to promote what leaders thought as being objectively good. In this way, Socrates was paternalistic. He advocated deep and profound government intervention in the interests of the citizen. o Why is this paternalism bad? What if the father knew what was objectively good. The point of political power was to enable citizens to live well, does he not accomplish this? One must ask whether it is possible to attain this objective knowledge?This Platonic idea will be questioned later by Hobbes and Locke. More importantly, ff there is such knowledge, who possessesit? And how did they come by it? Are we willing to surrender ourselves to these experts? Why should we trust them? At the end of B III, he takes steps to enable him to enact his city.tries to separate rulers and warriors and producers [412A-.] o The rulers will be the best of the warriors and they will possessphilosophical knowledge which they will have for the benefit of the city. The requisite knowledge they possesswill enable the city to live well and they will be tasked with guarding the city. They will be older Their responsibilities will go way beyond regular policemen. It is their job to inform and guard with a noble purpose. They will possessintellectual qualities over the other 2 qualities o The warriors [414B] will be the lesser and younger warriors. The Noble Lie o Will teach citizens they were all born from the same earth and hence brothers and sisters o This is an ideological belief which will help to promote the common good He didnt respect the dignity of the city he founded because he was lying to the people for what he believed was their own good
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