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Political Science
Ryan Balot

POL200Y1Y L5101 1 R. Balot L24: Locke II July 30, 2009 5:51 PM Todays Lecture Ch 5: Property Rebuilding the Claims of Paternal Authority Disentangling the Political from the Familial Political Society A Lockean Two-Step Objections? Tacit Consent Ends of Commwealth Ch 5: Property He summons by using the resources of revelation and reason: god gave the earth to mankind in common not to Adam individually. SO, how could any single individual come to own privately a piece of land? Fillmore pressed this earlier. God-given donation of the earth did NOT create private property, but equally private property did not come about from the consent of all men. How did private property arise then? o Divine dispensation in a novel way (new from Fillmore). God gave human beings all the earth for their use (support, nourishment). o What does Paragraph 34s say?. Nobody can dispute it by saying that we need the consent of all humans before we eat a banana, thats absurd. o Perhaps a reflection of Machiavellis theory. The prince viewed the land as something to be used and exploited. What else could the world be for? (perhaps to appreciate?. Jeez Machiavelli. Should humanitys view towards the earth be contemplative? Or appreciate? Not using?) whatever else you might say about divine donation of the earth, Locke thinks that every individual has property rights to his own person. Libertarians. Strong proponents of individual private property rights and freedom from the state. Robert Nozick. Anarchy State and Utopia o Mixing Labour, making something his own. Making it private property. [Para 27] this gives him an exclusive right to it. But there are limits. We can use and enjoy BUT NOT destroy Paragraph 27 is very important enough end as good as is common????something like that. o All people have a right to a share of private property in the SON He says that god command humans to use effort and make the land productive. But also, rationality says that man has to cultivate the land due to his condition. In paragraph 37, the cultivator of land increases the size of land available. o Using our talents, and imposing our wills upon the natural world, has some individual good but also social good in increasing productive capacity! o Labour makes the greatest increase in value possible in land.
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