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Lecture 6

POL 200 Lecture 6.docx

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Political Science
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Rebecca Kingston

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POL 200 Lecture 6 Aristotle II I) Leading to the police: household and village • if were going to understand what is specific and unique to politics, we need to understand how the political relationship is different from that of the family and village. • Reciprocity, plurality, equality • “The state is a partnership”: he is suggesting that we must begin to think of politics not in terms of how citizens relate to those who make decisions over us, but rather, how I relate to YOU and how YOU relate to her... the political relationship is a matter of both affect, emotion and reason in characterizing how a group of citizens relate to one another. • Every state is a community • In first instance, the household is there to meet individual daily needs (1252a) • Book I criticizes excessive drives for acquisition • Three types of relation in the household: 1) The Master slave relation • Two main arguments in defence of slavery 1) Great chain of being (as soul rules over body, rulers of citizens, men over animals) 2) The institution of slavery secures a benefit in both material and moral sense (provides material aid for the master, and a degree of direction for the slave) (1260a, slaves have no capability for practical judgment) 2) The husband wife relation • Women can deliberate, but without authority. The practical wisdom never gets to the rational action that should be the result. • Constitutional rule: the man will always have authority over the woman – the male is more fitted to rule. 3) The parent father child relation • The ability to reason is immature in a child- justifies the authority of the parent • The village is the first society to be formed; it fulfills the needs outside of what the family can provide. • Even the village cannot fulfill all human needs II) The ‘polis’ as the proper domain for the ‘political animal’ (1252b-1253a) a) A natural form of association b) Self-sufficiency reached c) Conditions to secure the good life • People demand more of their human interactions • Man is by nature a political animal (individuals who have a savvy way of manipulating others) d) The importance of logos (reason/speech) • Logos: speech = communication • Distinguishing between what is useful and not useful •
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