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POL200 Notes2.docx

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Department
Political Science
Course
POL200Y1
Professor
Janice Stein
Semester
Summer

Description
120912POL200IntroductiontoPoliticalTheoryLecture1ModernityItmeanstoquestionfaithProgressWhatiscuttingedgecanbeconsideredobsoletetomorrowFurtherisalwaysbetterFaiththatwhatwevelostiswhatwewillcontinuetoloseModernityiswhatwewillgainandcontinuetogainfromduringthistransformationWeunderstandtheworldbetterinretrospectbetterthanthepastthinkersweunderstandthembetterthantheyunderstoodthemselvesInsteadoftakingModernityforgrantedwearegoingtotryandgainsomecriticaldistancefromitwiththehelpofthetoolsinthiscourse1InthissemesterofPOL200wellbereadingtwoveryoldbooksWhywouldanyonewanttoreadsucholdbooksWeremodernarentweWhydontwejuststickwithmodernbooksModernitywasgoodenoughforourparentsandgrandparentsshouldntitbegoodenoughforusOrarewestillmodernIfweposethequestionofwhatshotandwhatsnotinleadinguniversitiestodayismodernitystillhotornotPostModernityRepresentsalossoffaithinaspecifictruththetruththatmodernityhastakenastandThatiswhyitcanbeunderstoodasalossinfaithinmodernityAWaveofPostModernityWhatdoweMeanThereisareasonwhytheyarecalledpostmodernanddontgoanyfurtherincreatinganewtitleItsalossinfaithnotanadvancementinfaithAtwilightofmodernityPresumeandrestsontheauthorityofModernityIfyouhavelostfaithinmodernitythereisnothingelseyoucanhavefaithinVanquishesallmodernaswellaspremodernidealsandfaithQuestioningPostModernityasmuchaswequestionModernityModernityhasitscostsBalancesoffthegainsareworththecostBasicfacttodayisthatwearesatisfiedwithmodernitybutdonotgraspwiththeideasofitEGPostmodernarchitectureBuildsfunctionalbuildingsyetreversesthemodernstyleLeftinSuspensionPostModernisnervousaboutmodernityandquestionsitselfCarryonwithmodernitywithoutreallybelievinginitIronyIsitpossiblethatpastthinkersunderstoodmorethanthemodernYesFreeourselvesfrommodernprejudiceInsteadofthinkingmodernityforgrantedRealWorldvsUniversityWorldMarxismlivesoninafewcountriesbyrepressionLiberalDemocracyColdwarisoverandwewonEndofHistorythesisTheworldwillshifttoademocraticideaModernglobaleconomyisfragileandunderchallengeMassMediaunderstrainaswellCruciallyscienceandtechnologyisheldinesteeminmodernityEgProblemswiththeecologyoftheworldduetoprogressContinuingthreatofnuclearwaraswellasweaponsofmassdestructiongeneticengineeringcraveprogressandfeareugenicsDilemmasofmodernityisaffiliatedwiththirdworldnonwesternNotthefirstnationsastheyareeverwereorimaginedtohaveoncebeenMuchmoresinisterMovingthenewformsofreligiousfundamentalityCombinationofpremodernandantimodernworldviewArabSpringHopefullyasanewmodernexistenceintheArabworldAimtodointhiscourseclarifythestatusofmodernityPostModernsUnModernsPlatoandAristotleTHEREPUBLICWhatisJusticePlato2LookatapageoftheRepublicanypageOnecharactersaysonethinganothercharactercontradictshimtheworkproceedsbymeansofaseriesofdisagreementsHowdowegoaboutinterpretingsuchaworkwhoseauthorneverspeakstousinhisownnameinsteadprovidinguswiththeclashofcharacterseachofwhomrepresentsadifferentpointofviewontheissueunderdiscussionWhatfamiliarliteraryformdoesthePlatonicdialogueresemblePoliticalPhilosophyArticulatesthequestionofjusticetheproblemofjusticeMakesthequestionproblemcomealiveDoesntprovidetheanswerDialogueaconversationbetweentwopeopleSpeakingamongorbetweenpeopleImitationofthatactivityofconversationishowPlatopresentsitDefinesthedialogueistheexchangeofviewsPlatotheauthorhiddenintheworldofdialogueinwhichhepresentshisideasWearyofhistheoryduetothefateofSocrateswhowasputtodeathbyAtheniansWhenPlatoconveysnotaviewbutacollectionofideasFromPlatospointofviewthereisnoauthoritativetakeonjusticeDifferingviewpointsonJusticetheymayallbecorrectInteractingofhumantypesofthequestionisacrucialquestionDifferenttypesofhumanbeingshavedifferentcontributionstotheideathereforeonemuchputallthepiecestogethertoseethefullpictureofjusticeSocialtruthemergedfromthesocialexchangeofideasoftruthNogivencharacterisPlatosvoicetheyallareUnderstandthecharactersandtheclashandyouwillunderstandtheworldPlatopresentsThewholeoftheworldistheexpressionSocratesmakesmanycharacterspuzzledandangryThetruthlieswithintheinteractionImpliedbyPlatosuseofthedialogueformManyfeaturesoflifewithin5thcenturyAthenswasthemostpowerfulDemocracyOnlymenwerecitizensOtherswereslavesorwomenPlatoisnotwritingaboutthe5thcenturybeingsheswritingabouthumanbeingsbehindthehistoryThedialogueisaboutusHumanityvsSocietyManyhelpfulnotesinthebookANAYLSISThecompanyofSocratesGlauconbrotherofPlatoSocrateshadintendedtospendtheentiredaywithGlauconEverythingelsethathappensisaccidentalWhatweseeishowthatplanisupsetandtheconsequencesInsomesensetheyareanitemgayTheyendupspendingthedayandnightspendingitwiththeothercharacterbecausetheycannotresistTheybowtothewillofthemajoritynotbecauseitiswiseorjustBecausetheycannotoverpowerthemajoritySocratescharacterizesthedecisionpoliticallyMajorityprevailsduetonumberandstrongerasitisunreasonableStrikingfeatureTheRepublicbeginswithweaknessofreasoninpoliticallifeDialoguebeginswithatriumphofunreasontointroducethePhilosopherKingandacityruledbyreasonFestivalofthepeoplecelebratingagoddessofbackwardspeopleHercultisbeingintroducedtothecityforthefirsttimeGreekswerepolytheisticSocrateswasputtodeathforintroducingnewGodsintothecityCephalusMeansHeadShowntobetheheadofhisfamilyHeisthefatherWhathesaysgoesHishomeisanislandoftraditionduringanareaofchangePietysupportsPatriarch1TohearoldCephalustellitheandSocrateshavealotincommonInparticulartheybothliketotalkDotheyhaveasmuchincommonasCephalussupposesIfCephalusenjoystalkingsomuchwhydoesheleavethediscussionalmostbeforeitstartsHeisoldhecannolongerenjoyphysicalpleasuresthereforehisloveforconversationhasincreasedThosewhocandothosewhocantdoitanylongertalkaboutitHeisunabletohavesexthereforehetalksaboutsexSocratesisnotyetoldyetalreadyspendshistimetalkingThisgivesrighttothefirstquestionWhatsitliketobeoldoldman
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