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lecture Note - Plato (VERY DETAILED)

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University of Toronto St. George
Political Science
Janice Stein

POL200 Feb 10 The content of poetry and virtue have been reformed They now try to ban acting They also try to ban exciting music There will be music in the best city, but only marshal music Poetry is only left with a dull journalistic account Socrates extends his censorship to the total human environment It becomes the ultimate planned community Reasonableness must precede reason We encounter the compensation for all the sacrifices that must be made to the erotic Glaucon The compensation is worthy object for Galucons Eros Such a city would rear perfectly beautiful and harmonious soul But only a purified Eros can love such purified souls So it would be a look but dont touch kind of Eros The medical authority turns out to be Homer Socrates says that treatments must not incapacitate a warrior but must be a political one Such medicine is seen in the modern-day quality-of-life arguments Socrates is concerned above all is civic life He establishes a standard for euthanasia If someones health is good enough that he can recover from mild treatment, its fine If someones illness renders them useless to the city, they must die Not even the rulers of a city could be trusted with sophisticated medicine If people learn about the existence of such a medicine, they will insist on it They will only be concerned of their lives, and not with the wellbeing of the city The only human life worth living is one with complete indifference to death But there is also the suggestion that such a life devoted to virtue, is only lived trough ignorance After the education is complete, rulers must be separated from the warrior This is done through a series of stringent tests that will define ones loyalty to the city Why is it shameful to tell a lie? The most shameful lie is a lie that you think no one believes Glaucon suggests that no one would believe his lie Why should the feasibility of the best city depend upon a lie? The lie told is that the earth is literally the mother of all human kind, and they are literally the children of the earth Any recollection that they have of natural fathers and mothers and brothers and sisters is to be explained away as a dream They are citizens and nothing but citizens This would preclude any appeal from society to nature
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