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Imperialism and Dependency

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University of Toronto St. George
Political Science
Sophia Moreau

Politics of Development: Week 6 J October 18 , 2010th Imperialism and Dependency - Lenin argues that the division of the world is complete, there is no part of the world left unclaimed o Imperialism represents a special stage of capitalism, monopoly capitalism Monopoly capitalism is a distortion of capitalism as monopoly is the opposite of free competition Aim of colonialism is not only to extract resources from the global south, but to control the extraction of resources, to eliminate competition among industrialized countries for raw materials Countries reluctant to compete because capitalism was already on the decline Source of raw materials has to be cheap and the way to keep it cheap is to have a monopoly on them - Resource extraction primary driving force behind colonial expansion o In first half of 1900s, prominent politicians opposed to colonialism until it became economically beneficial - Fundamental critique of modernization theory o Resource extraction can -Modernization theory: - Built on division of the world into traditional and modern societies - Establish what counts as modernity from observing the characteristics of those countries they already consider to be modern (e.g. The United States or Britain) - Problem as no independent standard from which to judge modernity - Category of tradition is everything that is not modern, hierarchical rigidity, rural, irrational people - vs. Social mobility, urban, rational people (modern society) - Tradition is used as both an expression and a cause of underdevelopment - DLZZ }L]]}LZ7][ZL}Z]Z]L2ZZ]LZZ[o}}l]L2} - Problem of people in Balgat in Turkey dispute modernization theory - Look at political motivation vs hearts and minds of the population - Modernization theory because all nations and societies will undergo all same processes Impetus to develop is internal movementschanges that set off chain of events that lead to modernization
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