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Lecture 3

Lecture 3.docx

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Political Science
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Robert Brym

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POL201: Lecture 3 – September 24 , 2013 th Modernization 3 impulses - Cold war o The us and the soviet union o Try to divided the world between democracy and communist o More funding for researching parts of world that had not did political science work before o Generate interest between policy makers and policy makers fund research - Decolonization o 1950s o Politics in many parts of the world that been considered devoid of politics before o Africa: not a place where people study aspects of politics but of traditions and tribes o Inspired by global uprising against colonial control in India o Want to express solidarity with parts of the world (with civil rights movement in the US) o Rise of local politics and local political rule - Economic growth o After WWII economic growth took off (western world) o Changes on the ground (increase in urbanization, education – and other social changes/development) o Passing of traditional society to a more modern society Development – a process of modernization - Underdeveloped society were more traditional - Political research base research through modernization Balgat - Features of tradition o Isolation (no road no transportation)  Rarely leave the village  Don’t work for wages  Sell small portion of what they produce  Not participants of a market economy  Lack of social and political mobility o Lack of information (not a lot of different information or opinions reaching the population, chief interprets the information and then relays the information to the people) o The chief  Hierarchy of power, ridge, inherited  Controls aspects of interviews with the population  When interviewed the chief does not answer most questions (says has no opinion on particular matter) (chief mind set is traditional and limited – only POL201: Lecture 3 – September 24 , 2013 th Modernization able to think and talk about own experiences) (traditional mind set lacks the ability to imagine outside own knowledge – lack of empathy)  Themes chief hold are courage loyalty obedience o Lack of toleration of difference or other opinions  Resists change  The ways traditional stands in the way of modernization and development The grocer - An emblem of the future - Is mobile (travels regularly) - Familiar with media (movies and radio, news of the world) - Active participant of the market (more so than the farmers) (grocer in the market and also of the market – internalized the market – desire to make money and to be wealthy) - Had desires and imagination that goes far beyond the village - Ability to project oneself in someone shoes (empathy) - Imagine change and another life - Not a popular figure in the village o Different o More western than the other villagers o Shunned and ridiculed - Grocer is the agent of change o Villagers hostel to him but still seek out his knowledge Political Participation - Democracy - Expressed opinions of power structure - More modern behaviour towards politics - The key is the grocer o The Visionary harbour of change Balgat - Faster quicker transportation and travel between the city - Most people in village employed in the factory - Almost no farmers in the village (now wage labourers) o Disposable incomes o Purchase eve
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