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POL201 Lecture 2.odt

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Political Science
C Jung

POL201 Lec 2: he industrial revolution free economy vs command economy economics used to be governed by the social and politcal structure that was life feudal system static based on social relationships and privilege in the feudal system: labour is not a commodity (serfs could not move did not receive wages) land is not a commodity property is not a commodity wealth was spent on jewels and items which had little to no productive value agriculture changes open field system dominated the feudal system with common lands and subsistence farming enclosure movement: lords transformed common land into productive land basically the privatization of land general enclosure act of 1801 concentrated ownership of land into the hands of few wealthy people allowrd technology and mechanization to be implemented seed drill, threshing machine etc.. crop rotation was adopted land no longer had to lay fallow selective breeding enclosures force people off of land enclosure movement creates free labour agricultural revolution creates first ever food surplus in world history people no longer have to engage in pure subsistence farming first factories were textile factories traditionally textiles were produce in the cottage industry putting out system put-outers were assigned to distribute raw material to weavers and spinners scattered throughout the countryside spinny jeeny invented by Ja
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