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Imperialism and Dependency

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Political Science
Sophia Moreau

POL201 October 18, 2010 Imperialism and Dependency Critique of modernization theory Lenins Imperialism. The division of world among the superpower were complete in 1916. Monopoly capitalism is opposite of free competition. Lenin argues that Colonialism is not only for extraction of resources, but rather to get the control of the resources. Capitalism was already on the decline. Cheap sources of raw materials were done by having monopolies. Colonial expansion the resource extraction was the primary reason or the colonialism. Fundamental critique of modernization theory economic relationship, 19century, sets up the lasting relationship of whats happening today. Highlight of specific parts of modernization theory for critique built on division of world of traditional modern society. The tradition derives modernity. Modernization theory uses tradition as both an expression and a cause of underdevelopment. Everything that is modern is opposition built in Tradition society: Social mobilityhierarchical rigidity, UrbanRural, Rational peopleIrrational people. In 1959 spring, political scientists researched about traditional society in Turkey, Turkish peasants were hopelessly traditional and very poor. Later time, the very same society, people voted for opposite party for the modernization goods. Lerners theory he turns out to be wrong. Lerner thought there would be transition of traditional society to modern society, for comfort and for own modern goods. He believed on personality traits and thought this was the reason for the change. How modernization theory uses the traditional theory dichotomy. It is used as a how world develops. Early developer does it himself or herself and late developers learn from the modern institution of the early developers. Modern human beings are rational and traditional are not rational. By being rational, they do not engage in cultural, spiritual stuff, but believe in the modern specifications. Level of Analysis: Individual countries (Unit of analysis). Dependency Theory (Valenzuela & Valenzuela) Development and underdevelopment emerges simultaneously. Development of the core produces the underdevelopment of periphery. Why unequal terms of trade. Modernity looks different in different countries is because the core and periphery is different. Whether they are exporters or importers of primary goods and resources. It depends where they stand in economy. Under and both developments are both are in modernity.
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