Pol 201 second semester Democracy 04/12/2014
A bunch of country transition to democracy within a certain period of time.
The first democratic wave
Democracy came out by revolution as people are exposed to urbanization and modernization etc. Some
countries that were democratic become un democratic.
The second Wave
decolonization( those countries that are decolonized generally became democratic and took on those
systems of government.)
The Third Wave
1974 Carnation Revolution
The virtual absence of democracy in Latin America
Western developed countries , few other democracies scattered central Europe;
Soviet Union – communist rule
Latin America, Africa remained in dictatorship
The number of democratic counties expanded since April 1974
Towards the end of 1980s, democratic is more in a regional phenomena, rather than a global phenomenon .
But this changed in 1989, with the collapse of communism in Soviet Union and Eastern Europe, bring
another change in Africa. Although the Cold War was never directly fought between the US and Soviet
Union, it was fought in other parts of the world.
1974 War of Angola, gained independence from Portugal, Angola government identified itself as socialist.
Once cold war way of seeing the world but also literal Cold war power controlling your government moves
away, Africa can move on to a more democratic way of government
Africa Neson Mandela, universal suffrage in 1994, everyone is Africa was allowed to vote. 1990, only 3
democracy in Africa, 19481965, most countries decolonized and gain independence. Big wave of
decolonization ( First Wave) By 1970s, 1980s, hardly have any democracies in Africa. Post Authoritarian
period. Pressure from IMF, World Bank, to democratized.
Between 19901997, 44 countries held competitive multi party elections in Africa. More than a dozen
countries that had went further than having merely election, people held opinions and participate greatly
( great political transformation in Africa)
The third wave
Mainly done through negotiation. In relation to modernization theory, democracy is sth bubble