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Social Capital

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University of Toronto St. George
Political Science
Sophia Moreau

Monday March 28 11 Social Capital POL201 Exam Information: Short Answer- Half a page to a whole page. 2-4 paragraphs. Some are 2 or three related questions, whole some are just one question: What is x? Need to know very specific things Eight questions, each worth 12% one worth 4% Covers the entire year but weighted towards the second semester. One or two questions which refer back to literature and lectures from first semester. 2 movies are on the exam Life and Debt Hacking Democracy Institution Society 1980s the ideal of democracy was a multiparty, indv rights.. Elections key indicator of whether you had democracy. People believed model promised prosperity, security etc.. Democracy appeared to be tied to stability and economic wealth. Transitioning countries wanted not just the chance to vote but the above. Three things have happened since that model: 1. Rejection of US model: US has been discredited 2. Elections produce few tangible benefits: most people are excluded, elections dont bring improvements in human well being 3. Decentralization: promoted by the WB, creates mechanisms of Decentralization - Moving political decision making and budgeting away from the centre at the same time that multiparty system is being dismissed as largely irrelevant to peoples lives Participatory democracy is empowering Participatory democracy could be transformative: Classical Liberalists feared democracy because it would lead to massive redistribution and radical egalitarianism. Has never lead to economic equality. Participatory democracy may produce different results Different people Different level Different decisions? Different Mechanisms Having a town hall meeting, budget meetings available to the public. Would decisions tend toward greater equality? Participatory budgeting produces more distributive outcomes. Social Capital is what you get when you have social networks that creates trust between people. Can be the basis for solidarity, cooperation and activism. Social capital refers to connections among individuals. In that sense social capital is
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