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lec. jan. 10

5 Pages

Political Science
Course Code
Sophia Moreau

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POL201 LEC JAN 10 WAS DEMOCRACY JUST A MOMENT?? =by CAPLAIN -point of the reading was it frames the relation between development and democracy. This reading is a transition from first semi to send, to focus on the overarcing question of th erelaation between these two concepts. -in 1992, francis boukayama published a book called end of history and the last man. -the book was written as the soviet union was collapsing, this was a time when people were sqwitching to democracy. -he argued that democracy signilled the endpoint of human progression, the final form of govnerment. -the universalization of western liberal democracy as final form of human govnerment. -democracy is the highest achievement and highest form of human development. -what does he mean by final form of human history? We might think of history as a serioes of events, and not a connection between them. -others take whats called a teleological theory of history >>>>>>>>>teleology is the study of design and purpose, its goal oriented, its one that holds all things to be designed for and directed toward a final result, the idea that there is a final cause for all that exists, that history is building towards some particiiual point, a culmination, one historical period produced the next historical period. -the best known is Marxism, marx says that each phase of ecomomic phase contains within it failure which would collapse and the next period would grow>>>capitalism would collapse over surplus, and socialism will prevail, so for marx, the highest point of history is socializsm, it is the teleological endpoint of history, communism, it is the highest achievement of mankind, thats Marxist teleological account of history. But francis says it is DEMOCRACY that is the end of history. -he takes the framework that marx is fmous for, but he uses it to say democracy is the end of history. -what he means by this is that not that all events will stop happening. -demoarcy is good, widespread, and here to stay. -so now that I have outlined francis argument, now you have a sense that who it is that caplain is arguemeing against, he is argueing against francis, he is argueing against the end of history type of conception. -if you contrast this argument with thea rguement that caplain makes, you can see that caplain is saying the opposite. -hes saying democracy is not necessarily good, real democracy is ahrdly widespread, and it is becoming less deomcoractratic, and it is not here to stay. -;ets unpack caplains argument a little more carefully.
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