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University of Toronto St. George
Political Science
Sophia Moreau

LIBERALISM Liberalism grew out of a struggle between the parliament and the stewards of the British. In the 17 Century the public ruled the nation and not the Monarch. Public Authority in the Glorious Revolution of 1688 where power was founded to be in the hands of the people and where the sovereignty can be removed if the public sees its governing is not fit. And so the monarch must rule within the law of the people thus no one is above the law so that means that the sovereign is subjected to the rule of law. People can rise up and eliminate leaders if they are no good. The triumph over traditional legal authority. JOHN LOCKE argued that the people deliberately create government to be governed rather than to be in a state of anarchy because they seek protection. Means security is the basis of the government. Four Principles of Classical Liberalism they see it in negative terms. Protect the community within and outside the community. 1. Personal Freedom a. Free of coercion i. If an action of one man interferes with someone elses freedom. ii. Freedom is infinity till it hurts others. iii.John Stewart says that government can intervene where one individual is hurting someone else. But the government cannot interfere with ones freedom. iv. Negative conception of freedom in that it presumes a prior and natural state of freedom in that regardless the government cannot interfere with freedom. Negative rights: 1. Free speech 2. Free religion 3. Right to private property
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