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Lecture 6

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University of Toronto St. George
Political Science
Sebastian Baglioni

POL207 Lecture 6 Prof. ? Oct.17, 2012 - Parliamentary democracy - 2 party system o New democracy (conservative) o Pan-Hellenic party (PASOK, socialist) - Strong state/ clientelism - Weak civil system - Asses the impact on the - Accession/membership EC (June 1975-jan. 1981) o Asking to become a member of a organization that existed already for 20 years, all the new regulations o The political consideration was Greece was too important to be left out  Greece is part of the European identity, culturally and historically o The EU presents itself as the guarantor and promoter of democracy  Support from the European community will likely keep control on democracy in Greece o End international isolation  Greece was cut off from the rest of Europe from development POV  This was to regain a place in the state  You have to be a democracy o Stabilize democracy  You have to be a democracy to be part of EC o Develop economy  There are economic benefits of being part of this market  You have to pay the price, you have to reform and change your economy o Modernize public sector  More liberal argument  Goes against the traditional understanding of Greece  Transition, didn’t come easily - Cultural and economic disparities o Concerns from the European side o The distance of development o Incorporation of Spain and Portugal will create a imbalance o How is money be distributed to help these economies - Mobility of workers o Not as much of a issue as Spain and Portugal o Minor concern, but a concern non the less - EU budget – Integrate Mediterranean programs Were concerned of all of these factors but the political considerations outweighed the issues “Greece, only recently returned to the democratic fold, would march in the future with the community of European nations” (Dinan, pp.74) Greece has a weak civil society - The demonstrations are part of the learning process - The Greeks like to complain, they shout at each other, but they are not organized in political change Define ‘integration’ and ‘theory’ INTEGRATION “ a process whereby political actors in several, distinct national settings are persuaded to shift their loyalties, expectations and political activities toward a new center, whose political institutions possess or demand jurisdiction over pre-existing national states.” - Not talking about a moment of time or certain decision o How they change through time, not a picture, a movie - We start with national settings - What is loyalties o A commitment to a idea o People are loyal to their nation o They define who you are by where you are from - How do we defend our political ideas o Integration means blurring distinction on national settings and acting on one level o During the shift might change from national to institutions - The path is not determined, we wont know what’s going to happen until were there - The authors take issue of loyalty o We would think of integration by actions taken by states in relation to new ins
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