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POL207Y1 (41)
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Lecture

A New Start: The Treaties of Rome

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Department
Political Science
Course
POL207Y1
Professor
Prof Hilz
Semester
Fall

Description
A New Start The Treaties of RomePleven Plan for a Common European ArmyCommon European Defence OrganizationUnified Military and Political command structureGerman military contribution without German army or Commanding UnitsThe French government tried to convince their partners of this plan because it was in the interests of both the US and Canada to institute European defence and it served Frances victorious aimsJean Monnet tried to follow the ECSC template by creating a supranational high authority that was protected from national interestsHe wanted to bind together France and Germany to get rid of their old habits of waging war in the face of a greater common threatConsequently he was more openly praised as the father of Europe because he was so ambitious Despite this genius proposal the negotiations were very slow and much more difficult than the ECSC negotiationsThe ECSC was simplified because it was a difficult concept but both the French and Germans wanted it so ultimately it passedChances and Dangers of a Common European ArmyAdenauer in the case of the Pleven Plan was more hesitant because he had his own ideas for German military contributionsHe aimed for an integration on equal integration into NATOThe German Chancellor had already announced in the fall of 1950 that he would make contributions to a European army on the condition that Germany regained its sovereigntyThey were fed up with occupation regimeThe German reaction to the French plan was difficult because Germany would be restricted to maintaining units under the European command while the other states could maintain additional forces beyond the EAAdenauer did not want to jeopardize the completion of these negotiations while still finding a way around the discriminatory clausesFirstly he was keen on a rapid realization of the Germany contribution to European defence and second the form had to ensure that the defence would be effective and not hampered by small unitsThe Allied forces were concerned about the practicality of this combined army approachSince France was in a position to block German participation in NATO a double compromise was struckFirstly they agreed to start a conference about plans for a European army and secondly within the NATO framework it would be possible to make German units available in the short termThis led to very difficult and protracted negotiations in 1950The French officials had been able to convince the Allies that any rearmament of Germany would nurture fears in France and undermine the common defence of Europe from the insideThe French made it very clear that they would not support the integration of German units into NATOThe negotiations in 195152 for the Common European Army show substantialdifferences between the partners at the RhineThe struggle referred to the future of the WestGermans in the Western European pictureIt was a question of what the European defence community would look like
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