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Political Science
Sebastian Baglioni

Germany 1) Identify the historical evolution 2) Understand its post-war situation 3) Analyse its political institutions 4) identify its place In Europe and the world 5) identify contemporary debates 1) Historical Evolution of Germany Political Evolution of Germany  From fragmentation to unification (1815-1871)  Compared to other European countries (France or England) Germany and Italy unified their territory and gained unity in late 17 century  Until Otto Von Bismarck – Wilhelm 1 – their consolidated and controlled whole German territory – projects on the north.  1871 Prussian war ALSCACE-Lorraine was gained by Germans from France  leadership of Bismarck – his dominance and acquiring territories  Germany acquired central unity Loraine territory changed France-German relations  From Weimar republic to the Third Reich (1918-1933)  10% of territory Germany lost after WW1  by the end of WW1 transformed to parliamentary democracy  Absolutist monarchial power  As a punishment for WW1 German was punished by the lack of role & say  Period of high instability  Institutional framework –  Wars are caused from inside out – hence Hitler  Would lead to WW2 and 3d Reich  by the end of the war looses territories again  Division into West & East (1949-1955)  Germany is split and dominated by Soviets on East and Britain on West  By 1945 military conference to decide what to do with Germany and Europe  By 1949 full creation of eastern and western Germany still under the influence  1955 states gained some sovereignty, own government, elections  west Germany was gaining more power, since east was still under Moscow’s control Unification of Germany (1898/1990)  Fall of the Berlin wall  What does reunification for Germany mean?  2) Post WW2 Situation  Key Factors for Germany: -Partition -Security threat (Cold war) (Berlin main secure city) -Lack of sovereignty (not until 55 political power was regained, own government) -Dependence on foreign markets Given German industrial and geographical situation, Germany was a key player in Europe’s recovery in economic terms. Fortunes of Europe and German were tight. - Dependence on US for defense Remilitarization of Germany Germany could not be lost to the south Germany was turned into military tool against Soviets US wanted to get Germany in NATO Priority of integration & multilateralism (Germany is bad, not truthful and reliable – all Europe’s image of Germany) Germany wanted to regain authority & prestige and be recognized again, to be included in negotiations Germany was always willing to regain authority by sharing it, they always showed no hesitation to any negotiations “YES to everything” strategy 3) Political Institutions of Germany  Series of political German leaders who tried to return Germany who were prosecuted  Willy Brandt  The chancellor – head of government Konrad Adenuer (1949-1963) enthusiasm towards European negotions Ludwig erchard (1963-1966) economic recovery/boom, inside politics rather than outside Kurt Kiesinger Willy Brandt (1969-1974) – OST politics, adopted eastern politics, how to connect back to territories n eastern & central Europe, crucial movements in political and diplomatic life of Germany. Wlater Sheel(1974) Helmut Smidt Helmut Kol (reunification year) 1982-1998 Gerchard Schroder (1998-2005) Angela Merkel (2005-) Germany went from we
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