England oct 3d pol207.docx

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Department
Political Science
Course
POL207Y1
Professor
Sebastian Baglioni
Semester
Fall

Description
England 1) Identify its historical evolution First direct election of EU members of parliament – 1979 Citizens’ involvement was inefficient. All the problems and crises were solved by political leaders, not by people directly -> It sums up to democratic deficit. 1992 – European citizenship  Ancient (consistent tradition) evolution is much more slow and adaptive, nothing drastic. - Rituals & Tradition of Parliament (Parliament has been a central power for centuries) - No written constitution (authorized and traditional laws & regulations) - The House of Lords (is an authoritative chamber) - The British Monarchy (the Queen of England – unity & symbolism) (represents the whole nation) (British monarchy has blended well in modern & democratic times)  Modern - Legacy of Imperialism (commonwealth still exists) (whole territories they dominate besides their geographical territory) (tradition of empire and world dominance)(Atlantic special relations with US) - Mode of Integration into the EU (it was not an obvious option for Britain, they could or could have not joined the EU. Or could have joined in a different way, because the way they relate to EU is complex) (they are very touchy how the participation would be even) - Devolution (most recent development started in the 90s, Scotland, Wales and Ireland) (not homogeneous, unity is challenged) (1997 these territories could have their own parliaments/powers) 2) Post war situation  Sense of superiority (Strong) (Role in the war of the UK, they resisted Nazi Germany unlike France that was invaded and whose government was invaded - England was on a winning side)  Push for leadership on global level (Empire)  Uninterrupted political institutions (parliament, prime minister, queen were always there unlike France when their government was exiled)  Experience of “island nation” (separated from Europe, island mentality, they are part of Europe on their own terms) CONCLUSION – reluctance towards integration combined with necessity of integration. (EU is good for you but may not be good for us) 3) Analyse its political institutions The Westminster Model - Unitary State (centralized authority) - Absolute Parliamentary sovereignty - Cabinet Government monitored by Parliament (parliament controls the government, prime minister is elected by the majority) - Single opposition block in parliament (6 parties may be there but they are all I n1 bloc) (idea/impression of stable system) - Two-party electoral competition - “First past the post” electoral syst
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