Portugal & Spain Oct 10th.docx

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Political Science
Sebastian Baglioni

Oct 18 his midterm Spain and Portugal Identify their historical revolution  Right wing dictatorship  Tradition to Democracy  Consolidation to democracy What do we need for it? -Peaceful transition, -Fair elections Spain Didn’t participate or suffer from WW2 1974 - left wing revolution Late - 70s new democratic rule In Spain Second Republic 1931-1936 In 1936 Civil War in Spain between right wing and left wing. Right wing won – leadership of Francisco Franco – established dictatorship regime 1975 Francisco died. They didn’t any development with Europe till his death, so transition to Europe started after 1975. 2) analyse political institution Spain Used to ace institutional problem so they tried to solve it  Spanish constitution: unity & diversity Spanish people as a unit, sovereignty, who will choose government and the right to choose. Diversity – regions within Spain that have national identity (Catalonia & Basks & Galicia) they have strong national sentiments. To recognize their sentiments, there would be regional stronger government established. On one hand Spain is one, can not be challenged but at the same time Spain is recognized of different regions and nationalities so as a solution to accommodate them to get their the unity of spain give them autonomy to regional governments, 17 Autonomous Communities Spanish monarchy Spanish monarch was abolished in 1930, but he reestablished. He tried to use the monarchy to legitimize its own system. But e didn’t see the king Carlos to support democracy after Franco’s death Even today the Spanish monarchy regards democracy King strongly supports parties and democratic rule.  The figure of Presidente del Gobierno Called president but functions as Prime minister (leader of political party elected by majority is appointed as a president) President forms the cabinet, all the ministers. Creates Powerful fear around his authority, he is a central political figure.  Weak Upper House Lower house (represents Spanish people) upper house represents regional governments. Its limited in its capacity and power, whole power resides with president and lower house.  PR (disproportional) electoral system The system is for majorities to create a strong system with the majority. -Two main political parties: PSOE (socialist- left center, appeal to all people) and PP (right) (conservatives-center right) conservatives on the right used to have a problem because they were associated with dictatorship/monarchial while adjusting to democratic rule. -PCE/United left (minority left) – strong moral authority, usually get 5-8% of the vote. Not dominant. Regional parties in spain. 2 of the mare significant : Regional parties run for government under regional level but play a role on Spanish national level Spain president of Government 1993-96, 96 to 2000 equalization governments -Jose Zapatero 2004-2011 (PSOE:left) -Mariano Rajoy (2011-now0) ( PP:right) Portugal  Constitution, from left-wing to “neutral” Main difference is that Portugal had revolution. As a result the first constitution adopted was left wing constitution which meant it had to be come a socialist country. It was a problem because EU supported free market and capitalism  Semi-presidential executive (presidential republic) Parliament is passing law, holding
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