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March 8th Humanitarian Intervention Lecture notes for anyone who missed

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Political Science
Jean- Yves Haine

March 8th 2011HUMANITARIAN INTERVENTIONEnd of cold war opened up room for human rights intervention around worldFailure to stop genocide in Rwanda lead to new interest in inter Legal framework etcR2P policyDuty for states is to protect human rights themselvesICISSinitiative of Canada and other statesreports about r2pFinished report day before 911 so agenda changed drasticallySaid states have the primary responsibility to protect their citizensWhen states are unable or unwilling to protect their citizens leads to international R2pTwo failures were at the origin of the ICISS report 1 Kosovo Un security council at time couldnt reach decision 2 Rwandanot even a case of intervention bc some UN troops were already there not a question of early warning or lack of infoThe then boss of the peace keeping operationKofi Annam expressed the regret that the UN was unable to shut down the radio in kigali that was calling for mass murderMatter of reinforcing the troops that were already there and to change the mandateSmall contagion of belgian troops 10 killedBelgian foreign minister and Belgian leader at time ordered military leader to leave even though 3 dozen rwandans will dieLeft a huge mark on worldIn US at time word genocide never used bc carried with it obligation to do somethingRwanda was failure of inter Community to intervene800 000 ppl Killed in too monthsAt the end of the day its about decision makers making the right choiceJust on realism plus liberalismRealists will doubt that there is something called universal rightConsider that these rights are the historic expression of one particular state or groups of statesNo equivalent to an intern Public prosecutor claims about these rights are often distinguished as other sets of intentionsCountry claim it is acting in name of human rights when in fact its security etc acc To realistsRealistssovereignty is protectionLiberalsMore concerned about human rightsAny foreign policy which wants to improve question of human rights is one fraught with difficulties and dilemmaRisks falling into meaningless and abstract generalitiesOne thing to claim morality in foreign policy another to base a foreign policy initiative on moral groundsWithout transla Of agenda into pragmatic and effective policies runs risk of being one of empty declaration and good intention2 Risk of hypocrisy double standards and inconsistencywhy intervene there and not there
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