Key words Notes
- WWI= the World War I: midst of wwi. Germany and britian embark on
emergence of one of the biggest collection of weapon. At the morning of
study IR. july 1. there are 2 huge explosions. The british dug tunnels
under the german treches and filled them with explosives
and blew them.british march towards Germany expecting
no resistance-however they were met with german
resistance due the the cement bunkers. 4 months later after
the battle of Somme the brithsh and French decide to stop
the madness-they had already suffered so much
People, when they hear of these war they believe that this
is madness. How can we still have so much war and
bloodshed today after wars such as WWi.
From the ashes of WWI we see the rise of a new study-
international relations/war study.
Study International Relations to make sure this sort of stuff
never happens again.
However, these studies aren’t that good because just a few
years later we see the emgernce of WWII which has a
higher death toll
Therefore, International relations as a diciplne isn’t fully
developed. Today it isn’t just focused on the study of war,
but we have different focuses such as international
economies, peace, and such
What is potential new about the study of international
relations is the attempt to study IR in the light of science.
To think of IR more sciencetificall.
IR tries to get the best approximation of experiments
through historical events.
Explaining an event: we can divide explanations into
different categories. External, internal, or otherwise
- Levels of (different levels of analysis)
Levels of analysis
- systematic organization of facts
- J. David singer
- He divided the Levels of analysis into two levels 1.
Domestic and 2. International
- Micro and macro
Individual, decisions makers, government structure,
society, ir, and world system
How can we judge which level matters most?
- Thought experiment (counterfactual) you can make up different aspects of the situation to see if that explains the
outcome. Example, in an accident had the driver been a
male would the accident still have occurred. We
- Truman: a new president with low self-esteem. Level of
the decision maker. If we had a different type of
decision maker the decision would have been different.
- Group of decisions makers: military/diplomat: had they
been different the decision would have been different
- Type of government: democracy.
- The target: the interactions between japan and US. The
casualties, the regime in Japan.
bipolar system - The deadly war
you have two - Another side/underlining target: soviet. The US wanted
high powers to show the SU who was in charge and that it was not to
who play a be messed up.
zero sum Example: Vietnam war
system. If I win - It might be hard to understand to the veitnam system
and you lose, we have to under bipolarity
or if you win -