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University of Toronto St. George
Political Science
La Haine

dr strangelove-wed. @4 SS2117 NAPOLEON III AND THE WAR OF 1870 Bismarck-germany-tries to get russia on his side and egg on napoleon (in france)- napoleon wanted to live up to family expectaion, wife was concrned with image-so Napoleon declared war on Prussia-one of the biggest defeats in french history- napoleon was captured by the germans-->story that relies on the individual-what cognitive traits or patterns of social sociological traits are behind decisionmaking -in a case such as cuban missile crisis, people were stuck in a room, forced to make a decision for HOURS with no sleep, -can they make good, calculated decisions-choose option that maximizes utility and minimizes risk?? -a lot of people that get to these positions in politics are people who are good at dealing with stress Cognitive Models Past experience, personality, skill the effects of stress-in increased levels of stress we have a reduction in cognitive complexity-stress makes us want to simplify situations, increased cognitive rigidity, reduced time horizon--the more stress we have, the more we feel like we have no time we like a certain level of stress (procrastination)-when there is no stress, its hard to motivate self What happens when we work in groups?-may studies show that our behavior is affected by the nature of the group-we accept what we feel is he consensus-this is why JFK didnt sit in decisionmaking room during CMC- also sense of responsibility is distorted bc it is not individual blame but blame of the group Historical analogies-when we look at reality today we make sense of it by historical models--historical analogies are necessary but we need to use them in a careful way Fundamental Attribution Error How do we understand others actions driven by structural constraints or driven by positional traits-making a certain decision because they are evil, irresponsible, smart, stupid-something about thir personality, identity as an individual or state Milgrrams obedience experiements-we are obedient if we respect the person of authority the attribution error when I do X it is because of situational constraints the other (or enemy) does X because of dispositional traits WE ARE CONSTRAINED BUT THE OTHER SIDE IS EVIL-we know our own constraints but not the other sides the russians are doing it becuase theyre evil, because we cant trust them because theyre liars, because they want to take over the world- underemphasize their constraints and overemphasize our constraints
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