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contemp conflicts

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University of Toronto St. George
Political Science
John Haines

Week 9, November 16: Contemporary Conicts TODAY we will look at: Cold war continued The revolution in military affairs RMA The current utility of force: debate about the actual use of force in counter insurgenciesstate building efforts--conflict if afghanistan among the key examples Media and war--whatever you do there is a camera or a mobile phone that can take a picture- does that change the characteristics of war and if so how The emergence of private sector and private corporations Cold war Continued: Gorbachev was a relatively young leader Launched a series of reforms aimed at economic efficiency 1 Restructureation of Soviet economy starting with more freedom for companies to decide what to produce 2. Transparency These two pillars domestically transformed the way the soviet union conducted its business But the most dramatic transformation connected to its global interaction He thought soviet union spending way too much money on defense--objective was to negotiate with the US a new set of armed limitation treaties so as to cap expanses linked to the military 198687-the Cenatura doctrine? (name of doctrine uncertain) - countries in Soviet influence ultimately responsible for own destiny ie: if poland wanted to move towards a different system he said the Red army wouldnt intervene any more in this soviet satellite...this was a fundamental change Western europe was extremely enthusiastic to these reforms Germany particularly ready to embrace the new face US was less willing--CIAwas doubtful that the reform of the Soviet Union would be successful--they though the more reform he tried to implement, the more likely he would be ousted by other soviet conservatives US very cautious Took goverchev seriously when the berlin wall fell 70s time when us and Soviet union organized first lessening of arms treaties only to find out that soviet union had cheated and supplied arms It was the soviet union that had benefited from this detente framework This time the US wanted to WIN the cold war; they imposed largely american terms on the end of the cold war US wanted to show the US had one, they wanted a united Germany inside NATO Nobody at that time believed Moscow would accept that option The end of the cold war was a divine surprise The end of the cold war was largely peaceful--largely a peaceful demonstration, a bottom up process The consequences for Europe were fundamental
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