Total Wars th Pol208: October 26 , 2010 Tutorial Notes Total Wars: wars that occur on a global scale; include the mobilization of the whole population (within working age) into a work force that is dedicated to, and driven by, the occurring war. N WW1 and WW2 are what we know as total wars; they both originated in Europe and spread across the world WW1 (a.k.a. the Great War), weakened and caused the disappearance of the German, Russian, Austro- Hungarian, and the Ottoman empires; caused emergence of USA and D^^ZZ}}Z}o[Z Superpowers. N Origins are still unclear; Can Germany really be blamed? N Ended through the signing of the Treaty of Versailles (which failed because it increased frustration in the German regime and endangered European security) N If J}oJKLZ }^ZZ}LZ_ZKL]}L]Lo 7ZL why was there a sudden need for massive mobilization? WW2: period of development of the atomic bomb and fear of Nazi Germany N Holocaust: Nazi attempt to eliminate the Jewish community of Europe along with Soviet prisoners, gay people, gypsies, poles, communists and the disabled. N Ended with the dropping of bombs on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki N Do you think that the bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki were a validacceptable way of ending the war? The End of Imperialism: changed world politics by no-longer defining Europe to be its centre; introduced the idea that self-determination should be the guiding principle in international politics.