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Lecture 3

IR Week 3 Democratic Peace Theory

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Political Science
Jean Yves Haine

IR Week 3 Democratic Peace Theory Nature of the regime is the crucial variable that defines peace between these countries- more peaceful among each other. This is the variable. NR would say that is not true- it’s about anarchy and the international system; not about the regime itself- doesn’t change the way that they behave- self-help and survival stronger. Liberal: plenty of places where the likelihood of armed conflict is essentially null. Beginnings of DPT 1. Covenant/Charter among republics: perpetual peace theory written by Immanuel Kant; at a time where number of liberal countries was very small. (1) The civic constitution of the state must be republican- a system whereby freedoms are guaranteed by popular participation. (2) Slow, eventual creation of what he calls a pacific union amongst these republics. Charter that will maintain itself, prevent wars, and expand. Minimal treaty whereby the use of force isn’t the way to settle conflicts of interest. Units understand they are similar. Not a world government- a process whereby you start with strategic restraint, minimal reciprocity, build trust among these republics. Non-aggression pact, collective security agreement. Universal hospitality- cosmopolitan law. No difference between right and privilege. Right of a foreigner visiting that country. Last step in federation is this cosmopolitan law- all treated in an equal way. 2. Societal Dynamics: Dutsch- security communities, similar ideas. Density of contact between two countries- phone calls, letters, between citizens. More intimate relationship, more likely that they will become friends. Similar countries pushed together by fear of Soviet Union. Emergence resulted in coal and steel community- two crucial resources to use force. Minimal understanding; agreement among members of that community not to use force. Negotiate, compromise, talk, don’t use force. Shared perception develops and all the defence structures and fortifications across borders become useless- civilise military. How democratic peace is working: Variables: 1. Normative- Cultural Projection of what’s going on inside a country. In a democratic state, dispute among citizens are not supposed to be solved by force- state has monopoly of force. When you have dispute it is settle by democratic, judicial processes. Can’t resort to use of violence to settle you conflict with other citizens.All expected to shard these practices. Peaceful resolution. Cultural, norm, practices- compromise, peaceful resolution of conflict automatically applies across national Boniface. Know that they share this means of settlement at home- so they do this at the national level as well. Dispute between US-Canada and Washington-Moscow very different- expectation of peaceful resolution vis-à-vis Moscow is significantly lower. Decision makers expect to resolve conflict by compromise and non- violence, the more stable the democracy is the stronger the mechanism is. If you are in a regime where disputes are solved by violence, expectation is that the s
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