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International Regimes and the Environment.docx

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Department
Political Science
Course
POL208Y1
Professor
Lilach Gilady
Semester
Fall

Description
InternationalRegimesandtheEnvironment01022014TheUkraineTheUkraineDesireformanyUkrainianstobemorecloselytiedtotheWestparticipateinaprogramthatwouldmakethemclosertotheEUandgainbenefitsegtradeconcessionsnotquitemembersbuttheygetbenefitsRussiadidntwantTheUkrainetojointheEUofferRussiamadeTheUkraineanofferthattheycouldntturndownPresidentofTheUkrainewithdrewfromtheEUprogramtriggeredtheriotsTheEUnegotiationswithTheUkrainewerepurelyeconomicThereisawhyshouldRussiacarerecognitionthattheeconomyisveryimportantnotonlyfocusonthemilitaryOrgansoftheEUSupranationalDimentionsTheEUhasdimensionsthatviolatessovereigntyinclearwaysandcreatessupranationalstructuresthatchallengeswaysoftheWestphaliansystemanarchicnoauthorityabovethestateThecounciloftheEuropeanUnionCouncilofMinistersgoverningbodyoftheEUTwotypesofEUlawsthatcanbepassedinmemberstatesEURegulationautomaticallyimplementedoverridesnationallegislationsupranationalEUDirectiverequiresnationallegislationineachmemberstatebeforeitcomesintoeffectinthatstateDirectivesgenerallyallowthemembersmoreleewayastothespecificsofrulesthatneedtobeadoptedforthedirectivesimplementationinternationalEUOrgansSupranationalDimensionsTheEuropeanParliamentDirectlyElectedbyEUcitizensonceeveryfiveyearsElectedbythepeoplenotbygovernmentsTheEuropeanCourtofJusticeThecourtadjudicatesonmattersofinterpretationofEuropeanlawcanoverridedomesticlawscourtsReactionTheOtherSideofRegionalismAlands26000peopleareessentiallysovereigncorulersoftheirhomenationofFinlandAssuchtheycanvetoanyinternationaltreatythatFinlandwantstoenterincludingEUtreatiesAlandandtheEUBanonfishingusingtraditionalnetsforAlandiansRestrictiononduckhuntingforAlandiansTheECJsvetoonAlandslawsregardingSwedishchewingtabaccosnusAlandcannotappearinfrontoftheECJSwedenallowedAlandtochewsnusbutwhenitbecameapartofFinlandsnusisbannedinAlandAlandsresponsewastorejectEUsconstitutionIncreasedlocalismregionalismelsewhereWalesScotlandCataloniaBelgiumTheEUandSovereigntyCountriesjoiningtheEUarecedingtoimportantdimensionsoftheirsovereigntyThisistruenotonlyfortheEUbutforeverytreatyofinternationalorganizationThistrendhasacceleratedinthe1990sEuropeanMonetaryUnionjointforeignandsecuritypoliciesEuropeanconstitutionCanWeThinkofInstitutionsOrganizationsRegimesAsActorsThePrincipalAgentProblemDevelopedoriginallyineconomicsdescribesthepotentialproblemsthatariseonceaprincipaldelegatesauthoritytoanagentDoestheagentcarryoutthejobshewashiredtodoHowcanwemonitorherperformanceDoesshesticktothecontractMonitoringenforcementexpensiveAproblemwhichisinherenttoanydelegativesystemdemocracybureaucracyinternationalorganizationsWhyDelegateExpertiseefficiencypracticalityinIRsolvethecollectiveactionproblemeveryonehasanincentivetofreeridesoinsteadofdoingthatwecandelegateanagenttodoitTypesofinternationalinstitutionsInternationalOrganizationsIOsInternationalGovernmentalOrganizationsIGOsNongovernmentalOrganizationsNGOs
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