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University of Toronto St. George
Political Science

Lecture 7 PostColonialism 06052013Chapter 11 Post Colonialism Christine SylvesterEmerged around the 1990s out of recognition that the IR field was not addressing some of the major events of the twentieth centuryContributions of postcolonial analysis are mainly 1 Bring historical relations of colonial powers with colonies into the study of IR 2 Provide views and theories of those relations from the perspectives of colonized peoples rather than Great Powers alone 3 Encourage use of novels poetry diaries and testimonials as sources of valuable information on the nature of colonialism and postcolonialismoRemoving the hyphen to postcolonial infers lingering colonial hierarchies of race class and gender despite winding down of formal colonial periodsIR traditionally just focused on the Great Powers and the worldview was European and North AmericanEnd of WWII move towards decolonization as more than 60 colonies achieved independence as states and members of the UN by mid 1960s but timing coincided with Cold War as states struggled to build up alliances1955 first meeting of 29 mostly Asian and African which created the beginnings of the NonAligned Movement at the Bandung ConferenceMore sympathetic to socialism but attempted to draw resources from both sides in the Cold War instead of picking a sideFranz Fanon was one of the early analysts who advocated the violent overthrow of colonialism and dominance subordination relations in new statesoFocus of his work was the power of colonial discourses to colonize the minds of all involved as the European colonizers would believe their dominance was justified and colonized societies would accept and internalized imposed subordinate statusesArgued that this was achieved through the force of languageHis book The Wretched of the Earth says that violence is the only way to achieve selfdefined identity and national consciousness but freedom remains elusive still as a result of local elites who have received their status from the EuropeansHowever IR did not approach this in a ThirdWorld perspective but from a Global NorthSouth one and emerged from the 1960s and 1970s were the Group of 77 OPECAlthough there was attention gained for the Third World their exact motives were unclear as to a genuine interest to help the people of these regions or whether to pursue other objectives
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