Class Notes (839,076)
Canada (511,183)
POL208Y1 (500)
Lecture

International Law and Norms

4 Pages
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Department
Political Science
Course Code
POL208Y1
Professor
John Haines

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POL208: International Law and Norms January 25, 2011 Midterm: January 11-february 8, part 3 of syllabus, stress on readings Lack of international government; realism states are main actors, treaties are temporary agreement of convenience, commitment to an obligation that is easily changeable. International law is much more regulated than realists perceive it to be so i.e. Fisherman must be concerned with international waters, European quota of amount fish, international ban on type of fish (whaling) high regulation of international environment; realists dismiss this aspect International law: Set of rules, norms, practices created by state to achieve common goals with a minimum order between them (concerning issues of international justice, rights and economic development) move from order among states to address questions concerning human rights. Objective: achieve some model of order among states, create an international society of states sharing a minimum ground of common rules and practices, to avoid the Hobbesian world of permanent conflict International institutions (different than organizations, can exist without any organizational structure): exist amongst and created by norms, rules, principles. o Paradox: traditionally, IR scholars tend to underestimate these rules, norms and behaviors yet today they are a significant portion of international life Historical roots of Intl Law Europe 1617 c. minimum objective is to tame the effect of anarchy. Idea of a law among states inspired by divine authoritynatural law therefore international law emerged as a set of principles derived from God and divine rules imposed on rulers of Europe at this time. Christian principles in conduct of war, obligation of alliances were derived from religious authority i.e. using proportionate force derived from Christian principle of just punishment. Forbidden to make alliances with non-Christian rulers therefore no hanging with the Ottoman kings. Diplomacy emerges: Italian city-states had ambassadorsdiplomats exchanged between them. Prior to this, it was a rare occurrence because rulers did not trust one another and was mostly done with exchange of hostages. Ambassadors became a practical exchange of information. Natural law did not last, and move from religious authority to secular sovereignty with the Treaty of Westphalia, which endorsed fundamental principle of sovereignty based on territorial recession (rather than wars of succession). Absolute authority no room for compromise, right of one is wrong for the other. This encourages war rather than peace. www.notesolution.com
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