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Lecture- Jan 11-2011

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Political Science
John Haines

11 January 2011 THE DEMOCRATIC PEACE THEORY Liberal Point of view. States have to answer in the same manner regarding the condition of anarchy. It doesnt matter to Kenneth Wartz whether the states are democratic or not. What matters is the international system. Others argue it is the nature of the regime of the state. For the realist and neorealist, the international system is more important than the regime. Liberalists say that democracies dont fight each other. Any scenario of an armed conflict between USA and Canada is ridiculous. The building of the EU is about enlarging the democratic peace theory. The Copenhagen criteria of the EU is the requirement of democracy. Philosophical roots of democratic peace proposition (Emmanuel Cart) 1795. Wrote the Perpetual Peace. A time when there were very few liberal regime. Perpetual peace is assured when: 1-The constitution must be of a Republic where freedoms are guaranteed. 2- Liberal Nations will bring up peace among themselves (pacific union) 3- Establish a cosmopolitan law among these nations guaranteeing foreigners the same rights as citizens. A tourist and citizen have same rights. It is a slow process where setbacks and conflicts will happen. The slow establishment of the PU will be more of an ideal. Trust must be built in order to create this. PU is not only a treaty but a process. The PU is not a world Govt. The idea was a collective security agreement. Non-aggression pact. The second origin of Democratic Peace was by Karl Dutch in the 1950s. He studied the relation among people of different nations. Compared the number of postal letters exchanged between people of different nations. The more intense the relation, the less likely these 2 countries will go to war with each other (Theory). Individual association= National peace. One requirement was reduction of defence tools at national borders. Slow progression will lead to unlikely possibility of war. Can be applied today to emails. Some regimes are trying to stop free communication. Cultural Normatic Model- at its core, in a democracy, disputes are resolved without force. Through democratic process. The threat of violence is considered illegitimate.
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