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University of Toronto St. George
Political Science
La Haine

Wednesday March 2, 2011 EU British clip: - all about ideas and great kind of goals to promote democracy - all about national interests, all very cynical, nothing really unique about it - it continues to grow because of the bureaucratic modelonce you create an institution youve created a Frankenstein a debate about how to think of the EU Early steps If we want to judge the EU we have to look at the history of it. - Go back to the end of 2 world war: 1947 the Marshal Plan OEEC (Organization for European Economic Cooperation, 1948. Aim: European countries aimed to sit together and divide the Marshall plans money) - mentioned Marshall Plan before. US program to help rebuild destroyed Europe. - 1949: establishment of NATO. - 1950: Schuman Plan Truman put the Schuman Plan forward in fron tof the OEEC members: rebuild the economy and dont go down into another great European war. How do we do this? Tying down and integrating together the type of industries that are essential for conducting warfare steel industry, energy production (i.e. coal) so these industries will not be in control by national governments. Economically its better because now all countries can enjoy an economy of huge size so it provides better economic performance but at the same time it prevents individual countries from developing their own types of products 1951: ECSC (European Coal and Steel Community) 6 members The EU grows out of this. France, Germany (very important because these countries were involved in both world wars so their acceptance of this plan is huge), Italy (also involved in WWII), Belgium, Luxembourg and the Netherlands (these 3 were small countries so it made absolute sense to join this) - Its a good way of integrating - Other countries didnt join because it feels threatening to give up such a huge part - 1952-1954: EDC (European Defense Community) this fails, never comes into fruition - What we seeis a sort of parallel movement 0 the integration of militaries and defense establishment. Seesthat this integration works best when were dealing with economic side countries are more willing to give up their sovereignty when it has to do with economics. Countries are less willing to give up their sovereignty in terms of their military or anything to do with army security The EEC - 1957: Treaty of Rome: France, Germany, Italy, Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg (1967 EEC EC) - ECSC - EEC common market in 12 years - Euratom (an agency that would combine nuclear and mainly economic side of nuclear energy in Europe) - UK: free trade area in enough
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