Class Notes (806,507)
Canada (492,261)
POL208Y1 (477)
Lecture 8

POL208 Lecture Eight.docx

3 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto St. George
Political Science
Lilach Gilady

Lecture Eight: International Relations We have to watch the film for the midterm (13 days and another – look at email). Just War Theory This is a compromise of Machiavelli (justifies all means). Treats war as something that just happens and tries to limit the damage as much as possible. Jus As Bellum questions we ask before we go to war. War is just only when it is declared by a legitimate authority (only state). Non state actors are not allowed to declare war by international law. We need to make sure that the benefit brought by war needs to outweigh the loses and the war must be winnable, therefore just. If it satisfies all five, then it would be considered a just war. Jus In Bello (Justice in War): It limits the type of weapons that an army can use to attack and how injured soldiers should be treated; all these conventions provide a lot of examples for this. Discrimination is a good thing; this kind of discrimination is the discrimination against civilians because they are not legitimate targets; only fighting parties are the legitimate targets. International law is trying to bring incentive; without uniform it is hard to discriminate. Discrimination brings a lot of ethical issues; nuclear weapons (cannot discriminate because it produces mass destruction therefore it is unjust). Proportionality is not a competition in causalities. What they do look at is the double affect; almost every act we engage in war always produces two consequences (the act we intended and the unintended [maybe killing citizens]). This is where the proportionality comes; the good needs to outweigh the negative consequences. Agent Orange was suppose to create environmental conditions so Americans can see better through the trees (wanted to spread chemical oil through the forest so the leaves will fall). This seems like a legitimate act; but there is a problem with the double effect (people became sick and huge environmental damage). Documentary for this example: believes that proportionality should be the guideline to war. Justin Post Bellum (questions after war): we find out who violated the rules of war and we put them on trial (justice after war – but they touch on my broader issue like whose going to pay for the damages). If you lose the war; you have to pay for the cost of the war. A lot of the accusations are that the winner
More Less

Related notes for POL208Y1

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.