pol 214 lecture 4/5 guest lecture with olivia chow finish 2 essays by the 25th- 26th!
legislative branch- human resource minsiter - post secondary education act
finance minister deals with the cash
sign petition, then go to member of parliament and can u read it into the members of the
house of commons
machinery of government and parliament
1. Functions of parliament
2. MP's as representatives
3. What MP's do
1- majority of parliament votes against it, it has broken the government and new elections
therefore have to be held.
if the government resigns, theres somebody else who can take the reigns of power
parliament- scrutinizes the governments performance, people question governments
policies, you can provide alternatives and criticize the government. opposition can raise
anything they want, and turn it into a vote of confidence. bills that the opposition can
parliament also has committees
parliament offers representation- your mp represents you, whether you voted for them or
not. if theres an issue, they've got to take it up.
legitimation- no law until parliament passes it, it has to go through this process in three
everyone elected to the house of commons was a party member
2. MP's as representatives-
representation- canada is a representative democracy
p.259 brooks textbook- quote by edmund burke- "your rep. owes you not only his industry,
hard work, but his judgement. this is the trustee view of rep.the person u elect has the
mandate to use her own judgement or discretion. the job of the person u elect is for them
to use their knowledge experience in how they are going to act and how they are going to
2nd view of seeing your rep- rep should act on the instructions of the voters that elected
her. like a spokesperson, or tribune for the people that elected her. we elected you to
represent our views.
party member view- representative is the team player. party runs on a platform - if you
elect us, we will introduce all of these policies- led by a leader.
referendum- why don't we just decide directly and have referenda on issues- referenda
represents direct democracy. MP's as a social mirror- growth of diversity issues or ideas of sexual orientation, it should
reflect the social characteristics of the nation. its beauracracies, its courts, its educational
institutions. gender, race, language, religion, ethnicity are all discussed within the social
mirror. this approach says lets cut up the population in terms of its social characteristics,
instead of territorial divisions, regarding the number of seats within the house of
visible minorities- 435 brooks- make up 68% of the country
idea is that u should use the representation of groups to trump the representation of
parties. would mean that parliament would make policies that are morally legitimate to the
public. argument is also that if parliament was a social mirror, then they would be more
reflected of woman's interests. also, representation by economic class- acquire people on
welfare vs the very rich people.
Mp isn't just the mp for a little area, but a region. reflected in the cabinet, in that there
should be someone from each province and they are called the regional minister- regional
lecture # 6
1. what is it?
2.factors in its evolution
3. why was it adopted?
4. interpretations of confederation
federalism was one of the 4 principles that animated the canadian constitution- p.196,
addresses the issue of what is federalism.
national government/ central government and now called the federal government.
in a theoretically pure federal system, nether legislature nor government is