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pol214 lectures 3-6 notes.docx

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Political Science
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Victoria Wohl

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pol 214 lecture 4/5 guest lecture with olivia chow finish 2 essays by the 25th- 26th! legislative branch- human resource minsiter - post secondary education act finance minister deals with the cash sign petition, then go to member of parliament and can u read it into the members of the house of commons lecture notes: machinery of government and parliament trustee delegate party member social mirror regional spokesperson 1. Functions of parliament 2. MP's as representatives 3. What MP's do 1- majority of parliament votes against it, it has broken the government and new elections therefore have to be held. if the government resigns, theres somebody else who can take the reigns of power parliament- scrutinizes the governments performance, people question governments policies, you can provide alternatives and criticize the government. opposition can raise anything they want, and turn it into a vote of confidence. bills that the opposition can present. parliament also has committees parliament offers representation- your mp represents you, whether you voted for them or not. if theres an issue, they've got to take it up. legitimation- no law until parliament passes it, it has to go through this process in three separate votes. everyone elected to the house of commons was a party member 2. MP's as representatives- representation- canada is a representative democracy p.259 brooks textbook- quote by edmund burke- "your rep. owes you not only his industry, hard work, but his judgement. this is the trustee view of rep.the person u elect has the mandate to use her own judgement or discretion. the job of the person u elect is for them to use their knowledge experience in how they are going to act and how they are going to vote. 2nd view of seeing your rep- rep should act on the instructions of the voters that elected her. like a spokesperson, or tribune for the people that elected her. we elected you to represent our views. party member view- representative is the team player. party runs on a platform - if you elect us, we will introduce all of these policies- led by a leader. referendum- why don't we just decide directly and have referenda on issues- referenda represents direct democracy. MP's as a social mirror- growth of diversity issues or ideas of sexual orientation, it should reflect the social characteristics of the nation. its beauracracies, its courts, its educational institutions. gender, race, language, religion, ethnicity are all discussed within the social mirror. this approach says lets cut up the population in terms of its social characteristics, instead of territorial divisions, regarding the number of seats within the house of commons. visible minorities- 435 brooks- make up 68% of the country idea is that u should use the representation of groups to trump the representation of parties. would mean that parliament would make policies that are morally legitimate to the public. argument is also that if parliament was a social mirror, then they would be more reflected of woman's interests. also, representation by economic class- acquire people on welfare vs the very rich people. Mp isn't just the mp for a little area, but a region. reflected in the cabinet, in that there should be someone from each province and they are called the regional minister- regional spokesperson. lecture # 6 federalism 1. what is it? 2.factors in its evolution 3. why was it adopted? 4. interpretations of confederation federalism was one of the 4 principles that animated the canadian constitution- p.196, addresses the issue of what is federalism. national government/ central government and now called the federal government. in a theoretically pure federal system, nether legislature nor government is
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