Oct 24, 2011
1. The Federal Principle
2. Origins of Confederation
3. Faces of Federalsm
Gov’t Expenditures as % of GDP
1950- Fed= 11% Prov= 6%
2006- Fed= 15% Prov= 18%
Revenue (% of GDP)
1950- Fed= 16% Prov= 5%
2006- Fed= 16% Prov= 19%
Medicare- the have to be:
Factors in Federalism Evolution
2. Inter-Govt Negotiations
3. Fed. Spending Power
4. Public Expectations
5. Technology Conventions in Federalism and realm of law.
Federal vs Provincial
Canada influenced by the US
Supreme Court 4 principles- one is federalism, central part
Federal legislation- control area vital to national security, defence, trade, etc
State legislature- control areas that are local like education.
Laws cannot trump each other. However they try to expand their powers, pushing the line.
In practice, federal constitution is biased in favour of the federal. They would ask who controls
taxes, banks, etc. who has residual government? What we haven’t thought about is in power of
this legislature or that legislature.
Residual power given to federal.Another example is taxation of federal bias.
Canadians agreed on a