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POL214Y1 (215)


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Political Science
Nelson Wiseman

1 Modernization Thesis p 104 Brooks 1973 definition societies get modernized the major reasons for centralisation are not to be looked in the rules constitution the reason why there is more centralization is because of the forces of advanced modernity that will bring on modernization As modernization increases regionalism decreases as you modernize transportation it becomes national as you develop communication links across the country as economy becomes nationalised as you start introducing national programs ie pension plans medicare along with development in technology mobility As these things increase attachments to regions decrease people now can live in 5 different places in the country even world their identity with their origin than decreases Modernization implies centralization of institutions Yet this does not apply to Canada Smiley says Modernization has not led to centralization in Canadian federalised system the provinces have achieved their authority power in decision making In Canada we see that regionalism is flourishing around there have been two referendums in Canada on Quebec issue Popular culture is more similar across the country however political culture is different Marxist believed that as modernization went on the historical political thought lines of religion language would give away the differences between the class parties because the dominant hegemonic classes had been fooling the working classes through media propaganda socialization agents Regional feelings dont seem to decline in Canada we can say similar thing about sister idea nationalism which is regionalism across Canada and then we can apply this idea to Globalization Canada belongs to UN NATO NAFTA there is internet access air travel Does it make Canadian less Canadian Not really English and French Canadian nationalism are as strong as never people have strong sense of national identity What forces the feelings of regionalism are the provincial governments their decision making in tax the education Provinces are constantly beaten down by national government saying that they are ignoring people of regions a lot of provincial elections are down on the back of federal government party says take us look at what the federals are doing to us 2 MetropolisHinterland Framework Metropolis regions more populatedtend to have high levels of investment and high capital concentrated they tend to have more hightech industries more manufacturing it is where research and development are concentrated its where you have headquarters of corporations i e Banks most decisions about the country are made in metropolis they have higher income more wealth Ontario Albert BC are more metropolis income in these provinces was higher than the average of 60 000 there also appears a new shift of metropolis towards West its not only concentrated in Ontario Canadian average for manufacturing jobs in 2007 was 12 in Ontario and Quebec it was 14 in other provinces it was left manufacture is then concentrated in Quebec and Ontariocharacteristic metropolis regions Metropolis regions are the active regions they drive development research manufactures Hinterland regions periphery regions passive regions they are the ones who receive while active metropolis regions drive national economy culture institutions They are sparsely populated their economic development is determined by metropolis regions their investment comes from somewhere else there is little manufacture little research they are highly depended on stable they have farflaunt transportationit takes long time to get to places they
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