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Political Culture

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University of Toronto St. George
Political Science
Victoria Wohl

1 Tuesday, January 25, 2011 Political Culture (Part 2) CONSERVATISM, LIBERALISM, SOCIALISM (CONTEMPORARY) Contemporary Conservatism Contemporary conservatism is the antithesis of classical conservatism; more like right-wing classical liberalism Contemporary conservatives believe government should promote economic goals but not participate in economy as much Stress freedom of the individual (classical conservatism stressed authority and hierarchy) Dont believe in programs like affirmative action, individuals are responsible for their own lives Best form of gov. is small and weak; gov. that has minimal access Maximizing individual choices Moral issues, believe the state shouldnt be morally neutral; in favor of traditional family values Contemporary Liberalism Seeks to find a balance; more group focused than classical liberalism Most contemporary liberals are more open to government regulating the economy, improving social and economic welfare of the lower classes Promoting the diversity of peoples through affirmative action programs; hiring in governmentreflects more the population at large In support of public education; unlike classical liberals Right to health, education, welfare (first pushed by socialists) Want a balance; individual freedom on one hand, and social equality Believe in equality of opportunity State is a positive actor; since WWII they supported the welfare state Contemporary Socialism Changed the least; believes that social and economic equality are the most important goals and values Individual rights have to be subordinated to group goals Contemporary socialism is more supportive of small scale capitalism For them state is still a vital player Equality of conditionnarrowing gap of rich and poor Now they talk about discrimination of being systemicdiscrimination thats inherent in the tradition and customs of the state e.g. women not allowed to vote o Discrimination not of just classes but of groups; gender, race, sexual orientation Contemporary socialists are more about decentralizing power among regions and cities
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