• Pacific Asiaby embracing democracy is a good quality. They are far
more likely to promote the democratic goods. Pursuit of democracy.
• Democratization of Pacific Asia will have more implications than the
• Huntington’s three successive waves of democratization.
o Most recently 1970s.
• Chilean wave of democratization.
• These transitions lead to the consolidation of high democracy.
• Scholars are powerfully engaged because globally, there is a problem
to be explained.
o Presumed virtues attached to democracy.
• Asian Pacific offers intellectual and policy challenges.
o Set of cases that give precise cases.
Understanding transitions within these countries.
• Challenges to democratic consolidation
• In Thailand 2006, there was a military coup.
• There are fragile foundations of democracy within China etc…
• In Philippines and Taiwan, there are citizens that are holding on to
lingering effects to authoritarianism.
• Japanese has lack of positive feelings towards democracy. China is
taking its success to appeal to its region.
• October 2010, the meaning of democracy, two authors titled their
article, Soling Asian puzzle. Democracy consolidation would spread on
• Indicators have generated impressive results. The Asian barometer
survey offered three choices: 1) all democracies are preferable 2)
Authoritarians are preferred 3) it does not matter. o The lowest level of democracy was found in South Korea and
Taiwan. Highest was in East Asia.
o Vietnam and ChinaVery few respondents in a 2008 survey
supported the authoritarianism regimes.
• East Asian presents 5 puzzles. 1) Region has defied the global
movement towards democratization. Definition of civil liberties I n2005
only 6 of the 18 countries were ranked fully free. 2) the region
presented position for MT. Taiwan and SK which supported
Modernization as a coherent process that produced political
o Taiwan and SK supports the notion that democratization lies in
o Principle outliersSingapore and Malaysia who challenges this
• Modernization= Industrial revolution leads to democracy
• What drives the process that has been missed In Fukyama’s argument
is that natural selection is part of the process.
• Society gets to choose if they modernize or not.
• Even within Canada and the US, we don’t necessarily need electricity
etc.. (for amish communities)
• This analogy is correlated to the growth of the nation state…Being
exposed to the options provided by globalizatio