• Sunset clause to the current formulaOne country two systems and
expires at 2027.
o Hong Kong can enjoy its own political and economic system
o Transitional periodSubstantial period to go still
• In Taiwan it is understood that Beijing calls the shots (for
• The term greater China emerged in the late 1980s…in reference to
dependence on China’s economy from Taiwan and HK.
• Speculative rehearsed causality and ask the question of how Taiwan
and Hong Kong had influenced democratic Change in China.
• Hong Kong is a laboratory of political change in which the Chinese tries
o In a region subjected to political control,
• Incorporation of incompatible form of democracy
• Taiwanese rejected the formula of one country: two system (in
reference to China being the one country)
• In 1980s, the term greater China came to be, there was a lot of
o As researchers going from HK to Taiwan, there was a sensitive
o In the 1980s, it became possible to travel to both places
• There was a big interdependence between Taiwan and China.
• When PRC becomes a democracy, Taiwan would join back. (possibility)
o Same with HK
o Intertwined processes
• By 2017,Mainland HK would hold universal elections
o The 2010 political reform agreement (Negotiated with the
Chinese and there was a partial agreement)
o District elections (November), 1200 selection member for chief
• Membership has been consistently 800 for a number of years. Size of
the electorate has been increased to 1200 in the future.
• Candidates can put forth their candidacy based on a certain number of
signatures. (vote of 1200)
• 700 constituency seats
• Ultimately, this system is dominated by executive in which the chief
executive is slected by China. THe point is that; the system will alter
based on Beijing’c commitment.
• All of HK will vote in popular election. Very significant change.
• What are the optics of China being ruled by some sort of democracy in
a small region?
o Why can’t HK or Southeast have particular rights and not us? Ernie Tam
o Beijing has an opportunity to develop pro Beijing.Political parties
and give the degree of autonomy to develop effective appeals.
• The democrats more generally committed to the full development of
democratic rights. 60-65% electoral support. Mid 1990s….
• Beijing in order to effectively shape politics in HK has to figure out how
to manage electoral processes.
• Raises a whole host of questions: what about democracy in China?
Obviously, middle class Chinese feels that democracy is a good system
(based on EAB).
• The Chinese Middle Class is not interested in sharing power with the
peasants and as a result, there is a huge power struggle
• Commonly voiced objection to democracy to China, then Tibet would
declare independence as well. This is an issue that Canadians have
• Chinese has passed a clarity clasein regards to Taiwanese
independnecein the event that Taiwan would eclare indpeendnece.
o Article 35 of Chinese COnstitutiona llows HK and Taiwan for them
to coexist together
• Ultimately the fate of the democracy in these three parts of China is
intertwined. THe debate of democracy has been looking at Taiwan and
• In 1994, there was a British administration in HK
• Japanesne imperial aisma re detache as a result of defeat.
• 1895-1945Taiwan returns to the mother land but in the context of
the world War II used the resources to help sustain the nationalsits war
• Because over the 50 years, post Taiwanesne collobraoted with
Japanese. The initial regimes that went to Taiwan was exploited and
generated a major revolt.