POL215 TUT 4 10/22/2012 8:02:00 AM
Pempel reading– pork barrel politics (patronage)
why did the LDP – the system was effective, the Japanese economy was
doing so well that the government could afford inefficient policies, when the
bubble burst 1993 then they couldn’t afford those policies. They were
however very resistant to change. They couldn’t appease the productivity
faction because of the pork barrel activities.
Alternative explanation why the LDP could dominate Japanese politics for so
long- cultural argument
Haddad article – less ethnocentric view of what democracy is.
State and society argument – that state arises from society, the state was
not a unitary actor but was actually rooted into society, bringing society
back in. We cant just look at the state when looking at democratic
consolidation but also society. Looking at the practice of civil society
organizations to understand the democra