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Lecture 4

Pol 224 week 4 Lec Oct 2, 2012

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Department
Political Science
Course
POL224Y1
Professor
Rodney Haddow
Semester
Fall

Description
Pol 224 week 4 Lec Oct 2, 2012 -Globalization -post 1970’s/ 80’s global integration -poses 4 challenges to sovereignty (Mann) -economic: more trade, foreign investment, financial flows, MNC’s -political: more supra state structures (IGO’s) -military: 9/11, Iraq, unipolar world? -end of soviet union made US only superpower -questionable though, Iraq was somewhat a failure -cultural: McDonald’s, Starbucks -are we becoming the same? -if so can states enforce their will within their borders -is sovereignty impeded? -ex. democratization of China -counter; religious fundamentalism is still at large, anti-globalization -economic integration vs. cultural resistance -ex. innocence of muslims, Pakistani government gives its citizens a day to protest the video -turns disastrous -Pakistani government sovereignty impeded -Jihad vs. Mcworld (Barber) -is Canadian sovereignty especially vulnerable? -Canada has never been sovereign in its economic-political decisions -always been influenced by France, Britain, and America -is sovereignty variable? -yes, Canada became more so post WWII -ex. Eurozone countries have lost much of their sovereignty -a post-westphalian world? -sovereignty is now a cross-border issue Pol 224 week 4 Lec Oct 2, 2012 -Glocalization -Canada has been a large country subject to external international pressures since its founding -diversity within Canada presents pressures from within the state as well -many states are becoming increasingly effected by internal tensions like Canada has always experienced -ex. Catalonia States -exercise sovereignty over a defined territory backed by a monopoly of violence -consist of government and their organizations in a complex relation -are the site of politics -may be the site of nationalist aspirations -may be increasingly compromised by globalization -perhaps especially in Canada Political Science - what happens in and to this entity is the subject of political science State, Economy, & Civil Society -what’s outside the sovereign state? -modernization entailed differentiation -16th-19th centuries 1. an autonomous capitalist economy -private economic activity for profit -non-state actors -site of production and distribution of goods -does not include state redistribution 2. a civil society Pol 224 week 4 Lec Oct 2, 2012 -also autonomous from the state and also the economy -site of voluntary action based on shared culture and values -ex. establishing bowling teams to organize a groups values without interfering in the interests of other groups -autonomous from direct control of the state State and Capitalist Economy -emerged in Europe 16th-18th century -why though? China/ middle east had better technology, India a bigger established mar- ket 1. Europe had a small landmass 2. shared Christian culture (particularly western Europe-Protestantism) 3. now fragmented into multiple sovereign states -how does a state survive and grow given anarchy in int’l relations? (Tilly) -war/ invasion/ defense -states became expensive -legally autonomous from your enemies -money for war comes from taxes and loans -countries that could attain money, would win more wars, and would survive -tax revenue/ loans are more available in capitalist economies -capitalism=
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