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POL 224 Lec 2 Sept 18, 2012.doc

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University of Toronto St. George
Political Science
Rodney Haddow

POL 224 Lec 2 Sept 18, 2012 The State -where power is exercised 1. “a” makes “b” do something “b” normally wouldn’t do -ex. government (a) places speed limits to restrict speeding residents (b) -decision making power; pluralism (Dahl) -have the power (right) to express a different view (protest) -city hall has the power to enforce speed limits 2. “a” creates/ sustains structures that prevent “b” contesting the status quo -ex. the constitution -I (a) think denominational schools should not exist in Canada, using the power of the constitution, I argue that only catholic and public schools can exist; not denominational schools (b) -one could try to change the constitution but that is extremely difficult -non-decision making power; elitism (Bachrach/ Baretz) -1950‘s Baltimore city council set up the system so that propositions could only be made to city council after acceptance from previous committees -“a” not exercising power by beating “b”, but by preventing “b” from presenting an argument 3. “a” influences “b’s” beliefs/ goals -“a” convinces “b” that “a’s” views are better off for “b” -marxist/ radical feminist view -ex. I “a” convince you “b” that you are better off not having social healthcare because you would be sacrificing your freedoms to choose your doctors and treatments under social healthcare -structural (Marx) power -the dominant ideas are those of the dominant business class in any society -the dominant ideas of patriarchal society are those that put women’s interests aside POL 224 Lec 2 Sept 18, 2012 1. Pluralism -people know what their interests are -some people have more political resources however power will shift; who won now, will lose next time for another to win -pattern is variable across sectors -ex. forestry in BC (1960’s)---> we need to cut down trees to make money -today, power has shifted in BC to environmentalists -power is dispersed across society/ time (Canada, unlike 1950’s Baltimore) 2. Structuralism -capitalist/ male class does not have to control the system because they can count on the existing structural order---> passive power -men didn’t need to be out on the streets advocating that women should be stay at home moms, hegemony -even if democratic, capitalists/ males sustain more power in society and it is completely accepted Authority -backs up state power -right of/ to command -ex. state enforces power by stating that the constitution cannot be changed (under normal circumstances) -establishes cultural hegemony--> structuralsim -ex. gov can force cigarette companies to put negative images on cigarette boxes -Max Weber--> 3 things grant authority 1. charisma; magic -someone larger than life -ex. Hitler, Trudeau -charisma is fleeting, easily changes -source of dramatic change (revolution or otherwise) in traditional societies POL 224 Lec 2 Sept 18, 2012 2. traditional; past practice -you have the right of/ to command becaus
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