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Lecture 5

POL 224 week 5 Lec Oct 9, 2012.doc

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Department
Political Science
Course
POL224Y1
Professor
Rodney Haddow
Semester
Fall

Description
POL 224 Week 5 Lec Oct 9, 2012 Marshall’s 3 Types of ‘Citizenship Right’ Continued Type Start Example(s) Civil (Negative: from) 18th c. a. eco: property, contrast b. non-eco: speech, press Political (Positive: to par- 19th c. vote, hold office ticipate) Social (Positive: to thrive) 20th c. education, income security, social services -Civil Rights- serve the needs of capitalists -Political and Social Rights- reflect demands of the majority, non-privileged, 99% -these all conflict -ex. Romney wanted to lower taxes for all including millionaires -Comparative political economy- studies variable outcomes within states -ex. laissez-faire vs. social state Europe and the Rest of the World -states/ economy/ civil society ‘trinity’ emerged in W. Europe, N. America, etc. by the 20th c. -did it then become the model for everybody else? (Held p. 19-22) -if so was this good? -ex. Africa tended to be screwed over, better in more recent years -possible that it will just take more time in these countries to improve -East Asia, Japan, Korea, increasingly China -confucian value system -good system, encourages education -thus, the trinity does not necessarily work worldwide POL 224 Week 5 Lec Oct 9, 2012 -if it does, it tends to have some variations Political Culture -what can be said in civil society about politics? -ex. “i think we should look into the beginning of life to discuss the right to choice” -a questionable topic that can be discussed in a political culture -no fear of being brought down for your views (medieval Europe) -preoccupation of PC: -implications of beliefs/ values in democracy -3 waves 1. where can democracy exist? -Germany 1919, democratic, highly educated -1933, depression leads Germany into Naziism -Germans accepted Hitler’s authority, legal emergency powers -1950’s-1960’s origins; cold war context -is the difficult democracy in Russia a result of ‘Russianism’, enjoying tough leaders etc. -some states are democratic, others not, why? a. psychology: latter have more authoritarian personalities -ex. Nazi Germany, Soviet Union etc. -Russians wanted an authoritarian leader, mother Russia, father leader POL 224 Week 5 Lec Oct 9, 2012 -but Theodor Adorno’s ‘F (fascism) scale’ found authoritarian personalities in the US too (1950) -people who tend to think the world is full of conspiracies tend to be authoritarian -same with Milgram (1961) -put a subject in a room and told him to push a button and someone starts to yell in the next room -for reasons they couldn’t tell the subject he had to continue pushing the button -person’s yelling intensifies with each push -most people kept pushing the button just because an authoritarian figure told them to do so -only one person stopped and got up -thus, some democracies have many authoritarian personalities, so psychology does not necessarily= democracy b. social norms re. politics -established beliefs about democracy must exist (Khan & McNivan article) -respondents in 5 countries were parochial, subject, or participant -(Mexico, Italy, United States, Britain, etc.) -parochial: citizen who neither pays attention nor involves themselves in politics -subject: politics comes in, but does not go out -know you’re governed but don’t care to govern -participant: know you’re governed, want to participate in governing -depended on a mix of efficacy, trust, & competence survey scores -efficacy: knowing the system is responsive -knowing i can do something to ch
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