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Lecture

POL224 Lecture 4, October 1st .rtf

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Department
Political Science
Course
POL224Y1
Professor
Rodney Haddow
Semester
Fall

Description
POL224 October 1st 2013 The Cultural State • Cultural: Mcdonalds, Starbucks • but also fundamentalism, anti-globalism • economic integration vs. cultural resistance • Jihad vs. Mcword (Barber) • is Canadian sovereignty especially vulnerable? • canadians having experienced all these component of cultural globalization more than citizens of other countries, could be an indication that even in this world of increasing inter-penetration, a state can exercise its sovereignty • perhaps especially immunized? • is sovereignty variable? • distinction between rich countries being much more sovereign than poor countries may be overblown • a Post-Westphalian world? the Westphalian world of a western state has gone by, much more/less of an issue for some countries • 'Glocalization'- Not just a cultural homogenization clashing with cultural, forces from above the state allow localized pressures within state to …. global and local. Assimilating factors from above (like EU) and local factors from under • states exercise sovereignty over a defined territory, backed by a monopoly pot violence, consist of government and other organizations in a complex relation; are the site of politics; may be the site of nationalist aspirations; may be increasingly comprised by globalization, perhaps especially in Canada. State, Economy, and Civil Society • 1.) whats outside the sovereign state? what other entities and social relations that the state its tied to, relates to? in order to understand the state, you must understand its elements • the process of modernization entailed differentiation. some people don't like the term modernization, there are objections to it because the of the notion of uniformity in which all countries are going through the same thing, but all countries going toward the path of development and economic prosperity went through a set of transformations from traditional to modernity • that process was one of differentiation, where the state became increasingly distinct from those interacting with two other very different spheres of social activity • one is the capitalist economy: the state forms as an emergent sovereign entity interacts with the market economy, this is essential • relatively autonomous capitalist economy • another sphere of social activity from the state, the characteristic phenomenon is not sovereignty but is instead the process of distributing wealth (market activities, trade, buy, sell) • site of production and distribution to gain privately for myself- site will have rules about how to operate, not entirely disconnected from you but your decision to engage in the practises is for your own gain • all the countries that have made the transition to being rich sovereign states have been capitalist • secondly, a civil society, also autonomous sphere, that merged in this process of differentiation as the modern state and social form emergent in europe and western countries • site of voluntary action based on shared culture and values. space where we do things that we want to do, forming our own opinions about things. Civil society • autonomous from what: direct control by the state • these things were not differentiated before, in non-differentiated times State and the Capitalist Economy • emerged in the first part of the capitalization process. emerged in western Europe 16th-18th century • privately owned economies where people have their own businesses to advance their own prosperity autonomous of the state, happens for the first time in human history in the 16th-18th century • that economic development laid the foundations after the 18th century laid the development for economic richness afterwards • why did these set of developments happen in Europe? Better technology no, china had better technology. Better commerce? No, India had commerce. Better science? no, Islam had science • something happened which allowed them to have the economy that they have • we won't try to explain it now, but focus on a key dimension. early modern Europe consisted of many small and proximate sovereign states in this Westphalian system • their relations now were secular, international relations were 'anarchic' • how could a state now survive? Tilley's argument that in this environment, each state would represent a state to the next, under no obligation in which to invade. each o
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