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POL224 Lecture 5, October 8th .rtf

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Political Science
Rodney Haddow

POL224 October 8th 2013 Continuation of last week…. Concept of rights - state, economy, civil society trinity emerged in western Europe North America by the 20th century. became the guiding ideology for all fields - did it then become the 'model' for everybody else? (Held, pp.19-22) - as europeans colonized africa/latin America, they created state forms that created as trinity on some level - did not work effectively in Africa - good governments in africa are accepting the trinity -others have argued thwart many african countries are not ready for the economic values of western economies because of the tribal and cultural values prominent, don't have the ability to stand on their own like the west because the west is heavily regulated - example of china, country that is differentiating from the state because of a private sector economy, state meddling in the economy, leaders in china who are sincerely committed to getting some state meddling in the economy out of the way, in respects to civil society there is no democratization, no adoption of liberal rights - east asians are coming to adapt a different model where the economy gets differentiated but the civil society might not Political Culture - concept that emerges as important in the 1950's and has remained important ever since. Lots of different currents in the study of political culture - what is political culture? what can be said in civil society about politics, without suffering a legal impediment or being laughed at. either of those things means saying it is outside of the political culture - habits, practices and beliefs acceptable in some societies and not in others - what are the values people have to have in order for the state to have democracy and for it to function properly? Implication of beliefs values for democracy? - lets examine 3 major waves of this preoccupation 1.) Where can democracy exist? 1950-60s origins; cold war context. democracy was on the defensive in the 1930's, communism seemed to be working (stalin), look at western democracies (mediocre at the time)., culturally democracy was on the fence. proxy wars being fought throughout different continents, the question of why democracy is facing an external challenge even though it proved itself, was proven due to the mindset of the people and the way they thought (during a time of stalin, hitler, facism etc) - some states are democratic, others are not. why not? 3 waves of different arguments a.) psychology: latter have more authoritarian personalities (those germans….) maybe some societies have citizens that are intrinsically more oriented to being involved, opinionated or they have authoritarian personalities - (1950) F scale test given to the people to determine hope much of a propensity the person has of an acceptance of authority. according to the dr, a lot of Americans were acceptant of authority - he debunked this notion of a psychological notion because the american is willing to protect their rights and liberties vs. the german who is more authoritarian and willing to accept the law as it is - so did Milgram (1961) set up studies in the state where he would have somebody sitting at a desk with a button push that "sends an electrical shock to a person in another room", most people in the study continued to push the button when asked to do so. - biased? unethical? anyway, abandoned. b.) Maybe the key is social norms re. politics. - survey based The Civic Culture by Almond and Verba (1963). its a broader set of attitudes set in the society as a whole about the goals they share in the societies, some of these cultures will be more conducive to a robust well functioning democracy than others -respondents in 5 countries were parochial, subject or participant - the best kind of democracy isn't the one where everyone is a participant, there would be too much participation, a significant amount of participants is good though. subject means everyone knows something about politics - looked to
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