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Lecture 12

POL224 Lecture 12 November 26th .rtf

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Political Science
Rodney Haddow

POL224 November 25th 2013 Executives and Bureaucracy ▪ from last weeks lecture: charter is popular with the public, overall: there is a boundary between liberal and democratic imperatives and it is at issue here and it has changed ▪ people identify the charter with being canadian, like health care ▪ trudeau wanted to make canada into this kind of country ▪ the boundary between the liberal and the democratic will is balanced between majority and minority ▪ exam: 4 essay questions, answer 2 for 2 hours. each question will be the equivalent of 1 lecture teaching ▪ may not ask a question that fits exactly into each lecture theme, but some of them will. (separation of states, civil society, economy) ▪ look through lecture notes and determine material that is the equivalent of an entire lecture theme ▪ the more precise and on topic you are the better ▪ 10 general categories for questions, start with lecture notes, slides, strategically include points from readings not mentioned in class guaranteed to be unique and will get you better marks ▪ include some of these excerpts from readings for more marks ▪ check online for last years midterm Executives and bureaucracy • focus on canada but issues are universal, problem is that the power is in the hands of exemplaries and they are accumulating more and more no matter what leaving the masses to the wayside • not just a canadian issue but we will look at it in a canadian context, it is a generic issue' • executive: prime minister and other ministers appointed to cabinet • chapter 21 in the text, chapter 22 on exempt staff which will be useful for exam, goes into the organization of the bureaucracy, on the crown • some ministers who aren't in the cabinet, important ones are • cabinet is appointed when the governor general or councillor is refered to in the BNA act effectively, prime minister is the first person selected by the governor general • Bureaucracy: unelected, permanent officials. bureaucrats are accountable to ministers who are responsible to parliament, are not political in anyway and are not elected, are permanent members providing assistance to the government as neutral parties providing advise and implementing policies provided by the government • is the executive a 'friendly dictatorship'? • this is not just a canadian question. prime ministers have reached the point where their control over their cabinet and bureaucracies is so substantial they can do whatever they want How does the bureaucracy work? • hiring: merit mostly replaced patronage in 20th century, increasing expertise • most bureaucrats work in 'line' departments, line is a term used to determine different departments coming from military terms • these lines are headed by a minister (political)/ deputy minister (bureaucrat) • all such departments (ex citizenship, immigration) have a minister that is in cabinet and top bureaucrat in any one department with line/delibery responsibilities • the mentality is one of program and client loyalties, people who work in the agricultural department think highly of farmers, people who work in environment are green etc.. • these mentalities can all clash with each other and fight over budgets and resources • getting the
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