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March 11th POL224.docx

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Department
Political Science
Course
POL224Y1
Professor
Rodney Haddow
Semester
Fall

Description
POL224 March 11  2014 POLITICAL ECONOMY WELFARE STATES ­Esping­ Andersen: Different program mixes, different regimes ­ Liberal welfare states typically exist in Anglo countries ­ They are the cheapest, have lowest taxes ­ Main features are the most selective, modest social insurance, in terms of taking  care of peoples needs and taking care of them, social assistance is more readily to  be resorted to in these countries than anywhere else ­ Ex. Creation of social insurance programs (Canada has pension plan, social  insurances, social security etc) ­ Most people depend on having private benefits because the security programs are  not dependable, oyu would be living under the poverty line ­ Reinforces market ‘workfare’ ­ Middle class relies on private benefits ­ Scandinavian welfare state is very big, but very different  ­ Strong sense of responsibility to take care of yourself in these countries due to a  strong web of social benefits that empowers one to do that  ­ Biggest welfare state based on highest taxes ­ Mostly universal and generous social insurance ­ Middle class gets public benefits, ‘solidarity’ with poor follows ­ Result: lowest poverty and inequality Conservatives : Continental Europe (groups c and d) ­ middling, payroll deduction based ­ reason why is because the social benefits delivered are social insurance programs  like epp and ei which are payroll deductions ­ if you have benefits of that kind that’s how the funding goes to the welfare state ­ in these countries the avg is 40­50% of your salary every month in payroll  deductions  ­ these programs give you benefits dependent on the public system  ­ middle class and men get public benefits
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