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Lecture 4

POL300H1 Lecture 4: Activism Beyond/Across Borders

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Political Science
Gerald Bareebe

• Essay: Reading Response o Talk about methods o What methods are these authors in the articles using o Is the argument sound, does it hold up, is there evidence to support this o How to gather the evidence and evaluate [how to analyze it] o How to show the argument they use is meaningful o Do methods fit the question you’re asking o What are the kinds of ways to gather evidence POL300-Activism beyond/across borders • Key concepts last week o Social movements o Mobilization o Cycles of contention o Repertoires of contention • Questions about movements o Mobilization o Context o Participation ▪ What are the context in which these are happening ▪ Ways of participating, who participates and when they do ▪ What, how and when o Dynamics ▪ How do they operate ▪ Cycles of protestors, contention o Impact ▪ Consequences and outcomes of these movements ▪ Do we need to have a particular outcome to have a movement? • Can have a movement that isn’t successful • Outcome determines if the movement was affective, does not define the movement itself • Government? o If government involve, can it be a social movement o Maybe power play of government on international stage is tough to be a social movement ▪ E.g., Cold War ▪ Non state actors is important • Leaders? o Do movements need leaders o Paul Hawken  nobody invented environmental movement o Some movements don’t need leaders to try to change system • Goals and Identities? o Networks o Movement needs a vision o What kind of movement is it • Provoking mobilization o What factors are necessary for mobilization? ▪ Threat • Need a threat for movements ▪ Political opportunity • Elites and alliances ▪ Resources and appropriation • Networks that they can draw on, or resources to bring into current action ▪ Loss of trust • Movements happen outside of the power structure, not within this structure of power • We need a break down and trust that makes a group operate outside of that power • Repertoires of contention o What tactics are used by social and environmental movements to demand change? o What happens when strategies are unsuccessful? o Describes what we think about tactics and protest o New actors coming in [adapting and changing to context] Key questions • What are Transnational Advocacy Networks (TANS) o Forms of organization defined by “voluntary reciprocal and horizontal patterns of communication exchange” – pg. 9 o Implying IR include not only states, also non-state actors, with variety of interactions ▪ IR is matter of the state ▪ Interaction of the state o TANs: include those relevant actors working internationally on an issue of common interest o Bound together by shared values, a common discourse and dense exchanges of information and service o Deal with issues of the cause o Historical and current examples ▪ Ant-slavery movement ▪ Campaign for women suffrage • 1920 ▪ Anti-colonialism campaign o Current examples ▪ Human rights movement • Green Peace o Environmental advocates ▪ Environment movements ▪ Women rights ▪ Indigenous rights ▪ Labor rights • What is novel In these networks • How do TANs work o Aren’t powerful in traditional sense, but use power of information,
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