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Political Science
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Understanding atrocities  Genocide results from a conjunction of influences and actions widely present in the world today (David Newbury) o Cant marginalize it  Genocide is driven by the conditions of the present as well as drawing on the legacies of the past  Factors creating tribunals o Government foreign policy o Government national and multi-national corporations  Huge implications of setting up tribunals to deal with war crimes o Implications on Canadian citizens, neighboring nations etc.  Economic crises can result in atrocities as well as structural justice programs (IMF conditions for loans – meant privatizations of social programs such as health care and education) o Largely western policies enforced on developing countries for aid  Imposing democracy in return for aid can lead to instability because of threatening of the elite – can lead to abuse of power and lead to violence Approach  Distinguish between cause of conflict and what form it took o Political problems not ethnic ones  We should not see these events as historically unique  In Rwanda, identities were more determined by class and association rather than ethnicity  Religion in Yugoslavia o Not what caused the violence – violence creates separation between religious extremes o Serbs – orthodox, Yugoslavs – catholic, Bosnia – Muslims  Economic and political problems are marginalized and scapegoated by elites to one ethnicity/religion etc. Key Questions  How do we respond to mass atrocities o Groups we target may change but the terror involved doesn’t o Revenge still exists through a different form – trial  Criminal trial used for vengeance as well as adherence the rule of law  ICC was accused of imperialism – only Africans indicted and addressed (not Americans)  Trial is not always a necessary good – it is a tool  How do we address the past  Are these crimes punishable o Unable to forgive what we cannot punish and we are unable to punish what
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