POL300Y Lec Jan 17.docx

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Department
Political Science
Course
POL300H1
Professor
Jody Boyer/ Tom Malleson
Semester
Fall

Description
Nonviolence and Nazis Guernica • Pablo Picasso 1939 • Basque village in Spain • Practice run of the new Nazi technique of the blitzkrieg • Bombed the center of the town, the market, ignoring the only tactical target: a nearby munitions  factory  • Men gone: intentional targeting of “civilians” to reduce morale  Godwin’s Law • It states: “as an online discussion grows longer, the probability of a comparison involving Nazis  or Hitler approaches one” • An instructive jest • As all our enemies become Nazis all our methods of war become justified • As all our enemies become Nazis…debate, discussion becomes increasingly meaningless  Was WWII Successful? • Transformation of Warfare o 80% of the deaths caused by the war were non­combatants o fire­bombing of Dresden o Hiroshima and Nagasaki o Tokyo o London  • The Cold War o Stalinist Purges: 20 Million people died  o World war II helped entrench in western societies a ‘permanent war economy’­ with  persistent high expenditure on military forces and technological development o Neclearization of the world  Did Pacifists want to “appease” Hitler? • WWII Pacifists o Argued early on for need to oppose Hitler and German fascism  o Support Germans that resist Hitler  o Offer visas to Jews o Tried to undermine Germanys sense of itself as persecuted  Argument of Pacifists • Can defeat fascists but not fascism  • We will have to become like Hitler to defeat Hitler  • Strategic non­violence o Tactical, not moral  o Belief about the nature of “power”, “repression”, totalitarianism that makes them  v
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